Persistence of antibodies for 42 months following vaccination of adolescents with a meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT)

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OBJECTIVES: A primary dose of the European Union (EU)-licensed meningococcal A, C, W-135, and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) was immunogenic and well-tolerated in subjects aged 15-19 years. This study assessed antibody persistence at 3.5 years after vaccination with a MenACWY-TT or a tetravalent ACWY polysaccharide vaccine (MenPS, control). METHODS: In the original study, participants were randomized to receive a single dose of MenACWY-TT or MenPS. Serum bactericidal activity using rabbit serum as exogenous complement source was evaluated up to 42 months post-vaccination. RESULTS: At 42 months post-vaccination with MenACWY-TT (n=19) or MenPS (n=17), all subjects in each group had serum bactericidal activity titers ≥1:8 against all serogroups, except for two subjects in the MenPS group against serogroup C. Geometric mean antibody titers were higher than pre-vaccination levels at all post-vaccination time-points in both groups, and were significantly higher in the MenACWY-TT group versus the MenPS group for serogroup W-135 at month 42 (exploratory analysis). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that seroprotection following primary vaccination with MenACWY-TT extends more than 3 years. Ongoing persistence data are required to understand the duration of protection following vaccination and to guide decisions on the need for future booster doses.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
ISSN1201-9712
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

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