Paleo-Eskimo mtDNA Genome Reveals Matrilineal Discontinuity in Greenland

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  • M Thomas P Gilbert, Center for Ancient Genetics, Department of Biology, Danmark
  • Toomas Kivisild, Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies, University of Cambridge, Storbritannien
  • Bjarne Grønnow, SILA – The Greenland Research Centre at the National Museum of Denmark, Danmark
  • Pernille K Andersen, Danmark
  • Ene Metspalu, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Estland
  • Maere Reidla, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Estland
  • Erika Tamm, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Estland
  • Erik Axelsson, Center for Ancient Genetics, Department of Biology, Danmark
  • Anders Götherström, Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Sverige
  • Paula F Campos, Center for Ancient Genetics, Department of Biology, Danmark
  • Morten Rasmussen, Center for Ancient Genetics, Department of Biology, Danmark
  • Mait Metspalu, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Estland
  • Thomas F G Higham, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, Storbritannien
  • Jean-Luc Schwenninger, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, Storbritannien
  • Roger Nathan, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, Storbritannien
  • Cees-Jan De Hoog, Department of Earth Sciences, Storbritannien
  • Anders Koch, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Danmark
  • Lone Nukaaraq Møller, Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Danmark
  • Claus Andreasen, Greenland National Museum and Archives, Grønland
  • Morten Meldgaard, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Geologisk Museum, Danmark
  • Richard Villems, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Estland
  • Christian Bendixen
  • Eske Willerslev, Center for Ancient Genetics, Department of Biology, Danmark
  • Institut for Genetik og Bioteknologi
  • Molekylær Genetik og Systembiologi
The Paleo-Eskimo Saqqaq and Independence I cultures, documented from archaeological remains in Northern Canada and Greenland, represent the earliest human expansion into the New World's northern extremes. However, their origin and genetic relationship to later cultures is unknown. We sequenced a mitochondrial genome from a Paleo-Eskimo human, using 3400- to 4500-year-old frozen hair excavated from an early Greenlandic Saqqaq settlement. The sample is distinct from modern Native Americans and Neo-Eskimos, falling within haplogroup D2a1, a group previously observed among modern Aleuts and Siberian Sireniki Yuit. This suggests that the earliest migrants into the New World's northern extremes derived from populations in the Bering Sea area, and were neither directly related to Native Americans nor the later Neo-Eskimos that replaced them
Udgivelsesdato: June
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScience
Vol/bind320
Nummer5884
Sider (fra-til)1787-1789
Antal sider3
ISSN0036-8075
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2008

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