P2X1 receptor blockers reduce the number of circulating thrombocytes and the overall survival of urosepsis with haemolysin-producing Escherichia coli

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Urosepsis is a severe condition often caused by Escherichia coli that spontaneously have ascended the urinary tract to the kidneys causing pyelonephritis and potentially bacteraemia. The number of sepsis cases has been steadily increasing over the last decades, and there are still no specific, molecular supportive therapies for sepsis to supplement antibiotic treatment. P2X1 receptors are expressed by a number of immune cells including thrombocytes, which presently have been established as an important player in the acute immune response to bacterial infections. P2X1 receptor-deficient mice have been shown to be relatively protected against urosepsis, with markedly reduced levels of circulating proinflammatory cytokines and intravascular coagulation. However, here we show that continuous intravenous infusion with P2X1 receptor antagonist markedly accelerates development of a septic response to induced bacteraemia with uropathogenic E. coli. Mice exposed to the P2X1 receptor antagonists die very early with haematuria, substantially elevated plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines, massive intravascular coagulation and a concomitant reduction in circulating thrombocytes. Interestingly, infusion of P2X1 receptor antagonists causes a marked acute reduction in circulating thrombocytes and a higher number of bacteria in the blood. These data support the notion that the number of functional thrombocytes is important for the acute defence against bacteria in the circulation and that the P2X1 receptor potentially could be essential for this response.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPurinergic Signalling
Vol/bind15
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)265-276
Antal sider12
ISSN1573-9538
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2019

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