Outpatient vs inpatient total laparoscopic hysterectomy: A randomized controlled trial

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Introduction: The objective of the study was to investigate whether outpatient total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) could be performed as a routine without compromising patient satisfaction. The main outcomes were patient satisfaction with length of hospital stay, quality of life, complications and readmissions, and time to return to work. Material and methods: A non-blinded prospective randomized controlled trial (Canadian Task Force classification I) performed in a single-center teaching hospital in Denmark. A total of 204 women scheduled for TLH on benign indication were randomized to same-day discharge or overnight stay after TLH. Visual analogue scales (VAS), a validated questionnaire EQ-5D, and a diary were filled in pre- and postoperatively. VAS scores on satisfaction with length of hospital stay and pain were administered taken with the EQ-5D and the diary during a follow up over 4 weeks. Student's t test, Chi-square and non-parametric statistics were used for analysis. The study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02933047. Results: A total of 204 women gave informed consent and 203 underwent surgery (101 outpatient and 102 inpatient women). Complete data were available for 76 women in the outpatient group and 86 women in the inpatient group. There were no differences in baseline characteristics. No group differences were found in satisfaction with length of hospital stay (P = 0.35). The EQ-5D revealed no difference in patient satisfaction. However, one-third in the outpatient group chose overnight stay without medical indication. The groups were comparable in clinical outcomes. Sick leave was longer in the outpatient group regardless of the actual treatment (P = 0.015). Conclusions: Routine outpatient TLH implies that one-third of the patients stay overnight if this option is available without medical indication. Within this context the procedure can be performed with high patient satisfaction, but may lengthen the time to return to work.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Antal sider9
ISSN0001-6349
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - maj 2019

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