Oral health: something to worry about in individuals with acquired brain injury?

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Objectives: To investigate the oral health status in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI) admitted at neurorehabilitation setting. Methods: 132 individuals with ABI were examined within their first week of admission. Individuals’ socio-behavioral history, length of stay in acute care etc. were recorded. Comprehensive clinical oral examination consisting of acute conditions [dental plaque, bleeding on probing (BOP)] and chronic conditions [periodontal status, tooth loss] were recorded. Results: The average length of stay in acute care was 41 days before admission at neurorehabilitation. It was observed that 42% and 50% of the patients with ABI had visible plaque and active BOP in >60% of all examined sites respectively. All patients suffered from periodontitis and 74% had severe periodontitis (Stage III), indicating a chronic inflammatory destruction of the supporting tissues. Each participant had at least two decayed teeth, five filled and five extracted teeth. Conclusions: Presence of dental plaque and BOP, an acute condition, speculates that poor oral health worsened while patients were at acute care setting. Majority of individuals had severe periodontitis indicating chronic poor oral health. Thus, indicating the need of not only planning treatment strategies while hospitalization but also uplifting the prevention of oral diseases much earlier in life.
TidsskriftBrain Injury
Sider (fra-til)1264-1269
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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