On-Ice and Off-Ice Fitness Profiles of Elite and U20 Male Ice Hockey Players of Two Different National Standards

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  • Jeppe Foged Vigh-Larsen
  • Marko T. Haverinen, Univ Jyvaskyla, University of Jyvaskyla, Sport & Hlth Sci, Varala Sports Institute, Finland
  • Jeppe Panduro, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Georgios Ermidis, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark., Department of Movement Sciences and Wellness, "Parthenope" University of Naples, Naples, Italy, Grækenland
  • T. Bull Andersen
  • Kristian Overgaard
  • Peter Krustrup, Syddansk Universitet, University of Exeter, Shanghai University of Sport
  • ,
  • Jari Parkkari, Tampere Research Center of Sport Medicine, Finland
  • Janne Avela, Univ Jyvaskyla, University of Jyvaskyla, Sport & Hlth Sci, Finland
  • Heikki Kyröläinen, Univ Jyvaskyla, University of Jyvaskyla, Sport & Hlth Sci, Finland
  • Magni Mohr, Syddansk Universitet, University of Faroe Islands, Færøerne
Differences in body composition and performance were investigated between elite and U20 male ice hockey players of 2 different national standards. One hundred seventy-nine players were recruited from the highest Finnish (n = 82) and Danish (n = 61) national level, as well as from 1 U20 team from Finland (n = 19) and Denmark (n = 17). Body composition and countermovement jump performance (CMJ) were measured off-ice in addition to on-ice assessments of agility, 10- and 30-m sprint performance, and endurance capacity (the maximal Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Level 1 Ice Hockey Test, Yo-Yo IR1-IHmax). Large differences in on-ice performances were demonstrated between Finnish and Danish elite players for agility, 10- and 30-m sprint performance (2-3%, P ≤ 0.05), and Yo-Yo IR1-IHmax performance (15%, P ≤ 0.05). By contrast, no differences (P > 0.05) were present between elite players for CMJ ability or body composition. However, elite players possessed more body and muscle mass than U20 players. Finally, the Finnish U20 cohort had a similar performance level as the Danish elite players and superior 10-m sprint performance, whereas the Danish U20 level was inferior to the other groups in every performance assessment (P ≤ 0.05). In conclusion, on-ice speed and endurance differ markedly between elite players of 2 different national standards with no distinction in body composition or CMJ ability. Moreover, the most consistent difference between U20 and senior elite players was related to body and muscle mass. These results highlight the usefulness of on-ice assessments and suggest the importance of on-ice high-intensity training in elite players in addition to training targeted the development of lean body mass in youth prospects.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
ISSN1064-8011
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 1 okt. 2020

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