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On Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing in Low Earth Orbit Nanosatellite Constellations

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On Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing in Low Earth Orbit Nanosatellite Constellations. / Hernandez Marcano, Nestor J.; Nørby, Jonas Gabs Fugl; Jacobsen, Rune Hylsberg.

2020 IEEE 91st Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Spring). IEEE, 2020. 9128736.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/proceedingKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

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Hernandez Marcano, NJ, Nørby, JGF & Jacobsen, RH 2020, On Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing in Low Earth Orbit Nanosatellite Constellations. i 2020 IEEE 91st Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Spring)., 9128736, IEEE, 91st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2020, Antwerp, Belgien, 25/05/2020. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTC2020-Spring48590.2020.9128736

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Hernandez Marcano, Nestor J. ; Nørby, Jonas Gabs Fugl ; Jacobsen, Rune Hylsberg. / On Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing in Low Earth Orbit Nanosatellite Constellations. 2020 IEEE 91st Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Spring). IEEE, 2020.

Bibtex

@inproceedings{c51d98f1ceb24e828852fac127c2add8,
title = "On Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing in Low Earth Orbit Nanosatellite Constellations",
abstract = "The increasing demand for applications of the Internet of Things (IoT) has produced the emergence of use cases with challenging scenarios for cellular access. In such use cases, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) small satellite constellations provide global coverage for regions isolated from terrestrial infrastructure, but pose difficulties for routing given their dynamic nature. In this paper, we study ad hoc distance vector routing for LEO small satellite constellations. We provide a qualitative evaluation based on performance metrics such as scalability, robustness and energy consumption. Then, we propose Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) as an applicable protocol and compare it with flooding with an implementation of a network simulator in C# for various constellation sizes and routing options. Our results show that routing across the constellation seam and the active route timeout play a critical role in the Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) and packet throughput. Although reasonably functional, we conclude that AODV should be complemented with proactive routing in tightly controlled polar constellations, since pre-computed routing tables will perform better under specific conditions.",
keywords = "AODV, constellations, LEO, nanosatellite, routing",
author = "{Hernandez Marcano}, {Nestor J.} and N{\o}rby, {Jonas Gabs Fugl} and Jacobsen, {Rune Hylsberg}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1109/VTC2020-Spring48590.2020.9128736",
language = "English",
booktitle = "2020 IEEE 91st Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Spring)",
publisher = "IEEE",
note = "91st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2020 ; Conference date: 25-05-2020 Through 28-05-2020",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - On Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing in Low Earth Orbit Nanosatellite Constellations

AU - Hernandez Marcano, Nestor J.

AU - Nørby, Jonas Gabs Fugl

AU - Jacobsen, Rune Hylsberg

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - The increasing demand for applications of the Internet of Things (IoT) has produced the emergence of use cases with challenging scenarios for cellular access. In such use cases, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) small satellite constellations provide global coverage for regions isolated from terrestrial infrastructure, but pose difficulties for routing given their dynamic nature. In this paper, we study ad hoc distance vector routing for LEO small satellite constellations. We provide a qualitative evaluation based on performance metrics such as scalability, robustness and energy consumption. Then, we propose Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) as an applicable protocol and compare it with flooding with an implementation of a network simulator in C# for various constellation sizes and routing options. Our results show that routing across the constellation seam and the active route timeout play a critical role in the Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) and packet throughput. Although reasonably functional, we conclude that AODV should be complemented with proactive routing in tightly controlled polar constellations, since pre-computed routing tables will perform better under specific conditions.

AB - The increasing demand for applications of the Internet of Things (IoT) has produced the emergence of use cases with challenging scenarios for cellular access. In such use cases, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) small satellite constellations provide global coverage for regions isolated from terrestrial infrastructure, but pose difficulties for routing given their dynamic nature. In this paper, we study ad hoc distance vector routing for LEO small satellite constellations. We provide a qualitative evaluation based on performance metrics such as scalability, robustness and energy consumption. Then, we propose Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) as an applicable protocol and compare it with flooding with an implementation of a network simulator in C# for various constellation sizes and routing options. Our results show that routing across the constellation seam and the active route timeout play a critical role in the Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) and packet throughput. Although reasonably functional, we conclude that AODV should be complemented with proactive routing in tightly controlled polar constellations, since pre-computed routing tables will perform better under specific conditions.

KW - AODV

KW - constellations

KW - LEO

KW - nanosatellite

KW - routing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85088323987&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/VTC2020-Spring48590.2020.9128736

DO - 10.1109/VTC2020-Spring48590.2020.9128736

M3 - Article in proceedings

AN - SCOPUS:85088323987

BT - 2020 IEEE 91st Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Spring)

PB - IEEE

T2 - 91st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2020

Y2 - 25 May 2020 through 28 May 2020

ER -