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Observations of the dinoflagellate Wetzeliella in Sparnacian facies (Eocene) near Epernay, France, and a note on tricky acmes of Apectodinium

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The wetzelielloid dinocyst genera Wetzeliella and Apectodinium are crucial for dating and correlation of Lower Eocene Sparnacian facies in NW Europe. Previous ill-documented reports of Wetzeliella in one of these facies, the Epernay Formation, Paris Basin, are corroborated by a study of new samples. The findings support current age-interpretations of the Epernay Formation as early-mid Ypresian. Apectodinium was a thermophilic genus, but it may have been more sensitive to other ecologic conditions than warmth. Three examples show that even extreme acmes of Apectodinium developed locally in lagoonal/coastal environments at times when no warming took place and when Apectodinium was absent or rare in adjacent, offshore areas. The best known Apectodinium acme, the quasi-global acme developed within the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), may not be directly attributable to the increased warmth, but caused by a secondary climatic effect, elevated nutrients in the neritic waters.

TidsskriftProceedings of the Geologists' Association
Sider (fra-til)450-457
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2020

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