NPK NMR Sensor: Online Monitoring of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium in Animal Slurry

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Knowledge of the actual content of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK) in animal slurry is highly important to optimize crop production and avoid environmental pollution When slurry is spread on agricultural fields. Here, we present a mobile, low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) sensor suitable for online monitoring of the NPK content in animal slurry as an alternative to crude estimates or tedious nonspecific, off-site laboratory analysis: The sensor is based on N-14, O-17, P-31, and K-39 NMR in a digital NMR instrument equipped with a 1.5 T Halbach magnet for direct detection of ammonium N, total P, and K and indirect evaluation of the organic N content, covering all practical components of NPK in animal: slurry. In correlation studies, the obtained NMR measurements show good agreement with reference measurements from commercial laboratories.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnalytical Chemistry
Vol/bind87
Nummer13
Sider (fra-til)6446-6450
Antal sider5
ISSN0003-2700
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 7 jul. 2015

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