Nonadiabatic Laser-Induced Alignment Dynamics of Molecules on a Surface

Lorenz Kranabetter, Henrik H Kristensen, Areg Ghazaryan, Constant A Schouder, Adam S Chatterley, Paul Janssen, Frank Jensen, Robert E Zillich, Mikhail Lemeshko, Henrik Stapelfeldt*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

We demonstrate that a sodium dimer, Na_{2}(1^{3}Σ_{u}^{+}), residing on the surface of a helium nanodroplet, can be set into rotation by a nonresonant 1.0 ps infrared laser pulse. The time-dependent degree of alignment measured, exhibits a periodic, gradually decreasing structure that deviates qualitatively from that expected for gas-phase dimers. Comparison to alignment dynamics calculated from the time-dependent rotational Schrödinger equation shows that the deviation is due to the alignment dependent interaction between the dimer and the droplet surface. This interaction confines the dimer to the tangential plane of the droplet surface at the point where it resides and is the reason that the observed alignment dynamics is also well described by a 2D quantum rotor model.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer053201
TidsskriftPhysical Review Letters
Vol/bind131
Nummer5
Antal sider6
ISSN0031-9007
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2023

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