Non-coding RNAs and epithelial mesenchymal transition in cancer: molecular mechanisms and clinical implications

Hashem Khanbabaei*, Saeedeh Ebrahimi, Juan Luis García-Rodríguez, Zahra Ghasemi, Hossein Pourghadamyari, Milad Mohammadi, Lasse Sommer Kristensen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

Abstract

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a fundamental process for embryonic development during which epithelial cells acquire mesenchymal characteristics, and the underlying mechanisms confer malignant features to carcinoma cells such as dissemination throughout the organism and resistance to anticancer treatments. During the past decades, an entire class of molecules, called non-coding RNA (ncRNA), has been characterized as a key regulator of almost every cellular process, including EMT. Like protein-coding genes, ncRNAs can be deregulated in cancer, acting as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. The various forms of ncRNAs, including microRNAs, PIWI-interacting RNAs, small nucleolar RNAs, transfer RNA-derived RNA fragments, long non-coding RNAs, and circular RNAs can orchestrate the complex regulatory networks of EMT at multiple levels. Understanding the molecular mechanism underlying ncRNAs in EMT can provide fundamental insights into cancer metastasis and may lead to novel therapeutic approaches. In this review, we describe recent advances in the understanding of ncRNAs in EMT and provide an overview of recent ncRNA applications in the clinic.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer278
TidsskriftJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Vol/bind41
Nummer1
ISSN1756-9966
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2022

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