New Single-Year Radiocarbon Measurements Based on Danish Oak Covering the Periods AD 692-790 and 966-1057

Sabrina Gjødvad Kaiser Kudsk, Bente Philippsen, Claudia Baittinger, Alexandra Fogtmann-Schulz, Mads Faurschou Knudsen, Christoffer Karoff, Jesper Olsen*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Single-year measurements of radiocarbon (14C) in tree rings have led to the discovery of rapid cosmic-ray events as well as longer lasting anomalies, which have given new insights into the Sun's behavior in the past. Here, we present two new single-year 14C records based on Danish oak that span the periods AD 692-790 and 966-1057, respectively, and consequently include the two rapid cosmic-ray events in AD 775 and 994. The new data are presented along with relevant information on the dendrochronological dating of the wood pieces, implying that these new measurements may contribute towards generating the next international calibration curve. The new data covering the AD 966-1057 period suggest that the increase in atmospheric 14C associated with the cosmic-ray event in AD 994 actually occurred in AD 993, i.e. one year earlier than the year reported in Fogtmann-Schulz et al. (2017) based on oak from southern Denmark. Careful reanalysis of the dendrochronology that underpins the new 14C records based on oak material from southern Denmark reveals that the cosmic-ray event reported in Fogtmann-Schulz et al. (2017) actually took place in AD 993.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRadiocarbon
Vol/bind62
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)969-987
Antal sider19
ISSN0033-8222
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2020

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