New results from the CERN-SPS beam deflection experiments with bent crystals

A. Baurichter*, K. Kirsebom, R. Medenwaldt, S. P. Møller, T. Worm, E. Uggerhøj, C. Biino, M. Clément, N. Doble, K. Elsener, L. Gatignon, P. Grafström, U. Mikkelsen, A. Freund, Z. Vilakazi, P. Siffert, M. Hage-Ali

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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Results from five distinct bending experiments performed recently in the H8 beam at CERN are presented. Firstly, deflection of a positive pion beam at 200 GeV/c is compared to the "standard" 450-GeV/c proton beam for a bending angle of 3.1 mrad along the (111) plane in a 50 mm silicon crystal. Second, deflection of negative pions at 200 GeV/c is investigated for the same crystal, for incidence along the (111) plane as well as the 〈110〉 axis. Small deflection effects are seen, but no negative particles are bent through the full bending angle of the crystal. Third, the first results from beam deflection at high energy using a germanium crystal are shown. Slightly higher deflection efficiencies than for silicon are seen for large bending angles, but significantly smaller than expected for such a crystal with higher atomic number. Fourth, deflection efficiencies using a strongly irradiated silicon crystal have been measured for the first time, and a small reduction in efficiency is seen in the irradiated region. Finally, deflection of positive particles using axial alignment of a bent silicon crystal has been investigated at 450 GeV/c. Qualitatively similar behaviour as in previous experiments at 12 GeV/c is seen; the beam splits into several beams corresponding to the different planes, and even weak planes are observed.

TidsskriftNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Sider (fra-til)172-180
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - okt. 1996


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