New Guinea has the world’s richest island flora

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  • Rodrigo Cámara-Leret, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, University of Zurich
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  • David G. Frodin, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Frits Adema, Naturalis Biodiversity Center
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  • Christiane Anderson, University of Michigan Herbarium
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  • Marc S. Appelhans, University of Göttingen
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  • George Argent, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
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  • Susana Arias Guerrero, Naturalis Biodiversity Center
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  • Peter Ashton, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Anders S. Barfod
  • David Barrington, University of Vermont
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  • Renata Borosova, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Gemma L.C. Bramley, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Marie Briggs, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Sven Buerki, Boise State University
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  • Daniel Cahen, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Martin W. Callmander, Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève, Chambésy
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  • Martin Cheek, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Cheng Wei Chen, Independent Consultant
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  • Barry J. Conn, The University of Sydney
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  • Mark J.E. Coode, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Iain Darbyshire, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Sally Dawson, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Clare Drinkell, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Brigitta Duyfjes, Naturalis Biodiversity Center
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  • Atsushi Ebihara, National Museum of Nature and Science
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  • Zacky Ezedin, University of Minnesota, New Guinea Binatang Research Center
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  • Long Fei Fu, CAS - Guangxi Institute of Botany
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  • Osia Gideon, Papua New Guinea University of Technology
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  • Deden Girmansyah, Herbarium Bogoriense
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  • Rafaël Govaerts, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Helen Fortune-Hopkins, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Gustavo Hassemer, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
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  • Alistair Hay, Royal Botanic Garden Sydney
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  • Charlie D. Heatubun, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Universitas Papua, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Daerah Provinsi Papua Barat
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  • D. J.Nicholas Hind, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Peter Hoch, Missouri Botanical Garden
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  • Peter Homot, Papua New Guinea Forest Research Institute
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  • Peter Hovenkamp, Naturalis Biodiversity Center
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  • Mark Hughes, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
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  • Matthew Jebb, The National Botanic Gardens of Ireland
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  • Laura Jennings, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Tiberius Jimbo, Papua New Guinea Forest Research Institute
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  • Michael Kessler, University of Zurich
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  • Ruth Kiew, Forest Research Institute Malaysia
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  • Sandra Knapp, Natural History Museum, London
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  • Penniel Lamei, Papua New Guinea Forest Research Institute
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  • Marcus Lehnert, University of Bonn, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Gwilym P. Lewis, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Hans Peter Linder, University of Zurich
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  • Stuart Lindsay, National Parks Board
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  • Yee Wen Low, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Singapore Botanic Gardens, University of Aberdeen
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  • Eve Lucas, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Jeffrey P. Mancera, University of the Philippines
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  • Alexandre K. Monro, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Alison Moore, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • David J. Middleton, Singapore Botanic Gardens
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  • Hidetoshi Nagamasu, The Kyoto University Museum
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  • Mark F. Newman, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
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  • Eimear Nic Lughadha, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Pablo H.A. Melo, São Paulo State University
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  • Daniel J. Ohlsen, Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria, The University of Melbourne
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  • Caroline M. Pannell, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, University of Oxford, Queen's University Belfast
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  • Barbara Parris, Fern Research Foundation
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  • Laura Pearce, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Darin S. Penneys, University of North Carolina at Wilmington
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  • Leon R. Perrie, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa
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  • Peter Petoe
  • Axel Dalberg Poulsen, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
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  • Ghillean T. Prance, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • J. Peter Quakenbush, Western Michigan University
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  • Niels Raes, Naturalis Biodiversity Center
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  • Michele Rodda, Singapore Botanic Gardens
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  • Zachary S. Rogers, New Mexico State University
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  • André Schuiteman, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Pedro Schwartsburd, Universidade Federal de Vicosa
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  • Robert W. Scotland, University of Oxford
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  • Mark P. Simmons, Colorado State University
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  • David A. Simpson, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Trinity College Dublin
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  • Peter Stevens, Missouri Botanical Garden
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  • Michael Sundue, University of Vermont
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  • Weston Testo, University of Florida
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  • Anna Trias-Blasi, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Ian Turner, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Singapore Botanic Gardens
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  • Timothy Utteridge, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Lesley Walsingham, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Bruce L. Webber, CSIRO, University of Western Australia
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  • Ran Wei, Chinese Academy of Sciences
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  • George D. Weiblen, University of Minnesota
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  • Maximilian Weigend, University of Bonn
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  • Peter Weston, Royal Botanic Garden Sydney
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  • Willem de Wilde, Naturalis Biodiversity Center
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  • Peter Wilkie, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
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  • Christine M. Wilmot-Dear, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Hannah P. Wilson, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, University of Glasgow
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  • John R.I. Wood, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, University of Oxford
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  • Li Bing Zhang, Missouri Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu
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  • Peter C. van Welzen, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, University of Leiden

New Guinea is the world’s largest tropical island and has fascinated naturalists for centuries1,2. Home to some of the best-preserved ecosystems on the planet3 and to intact ecological gradients—from mangroves to tropical alpine grasslands—that are unmatched in the Asia-Pacific region4,5, it is a globally recognized centre of biological and cultural diversity6,7. So far, however, there has been no attempt to critically catalogue the entire vascular plant diversity of New Guinea. Here we present the first, to our knowledge, expert-verified checklist of the vascular plants of mainland New Guinea and surrounding islands. Our publicly available checklist includes 13,634 species (68% endemic), 1,742 genera and 264 families—suggesting that New Guinea is the most floristically diverse island in the world. Expert knowledge is essential for building checklists in the digital era: reliance on online taxonomic resources alone would have inflated species counts by 22%. Species discovery shows no sign of levelling off, and we discuss steps to accelerate botanical research in the ‘Last Unknown’8.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNature
Vol/bind584
Nummer7822
Sider (fra-til)579–583
Antal sider5
ISSN0028-0836
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2020

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