Neuronal and glial responses to siRNA-coated nerve guide implants in vitro

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  • Nadine Hoffmann, NMI Natural and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Tübingen, Tyskland
  • Ursula Mittnacht, NMI Natural and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Türbingen, Tyskland
  • Hanna Hartmann, NMI Natural and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Tübingen, Tyskland
  • Yvonne Baumer, NMI Natural and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Tübingen, Tyskland
  • Jørgen Kjems
  • Sven Oberhoffner, ITV Denkendorf Product Service, Tyskland
  • Burkhard Schlosshauer, NMI Natural and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Tübingen, Tyskland
The manipulation of gene expression by RNA interference could play a key role in future neurotherapies, for example in the development of biohydrid implants to bridge nerve and spinal cord lesion gaps. Such resorbable biomaterial prostheses could serve as growth substrates together with specific siRNA to foster neuronal regeneration. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to biofunctionalize neuronal prostheses with siRNA. We analyzed neuronal and Schwann cell responses to scrambled siRNA coated polydioxanone polymer filaments designed to imitate pro-regenerative bands of Büngner for oriented axonal regrowth. With a view to future clinical applications we were especially interested in potentially detrimental side effects. We employed a variety of in vitro methods, including a novel impedance electrode microchamber assay, fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy, metabolic labeling and RT-PCR. We found that the application of chitosan/siRNA nanoparticles (1) did not affect glial cell motility or (2) axonal growth in contrast to other formulations, (3) only slightly reduced proliferation, and (4) did not induce inflammatory responses that might hamper axonal regeneration. The data suggest that chitosan/siRNA nanoparticle-coated polymer filaments are suitable for use in biohybrid implants with no significant side effects on neuronal and glial cells.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuroscience Letters
Vol/bind494
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)14-8
Antal sider5
ISSN0304-3940
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 20 apr. 2011

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