Neurofilament light chain: serum reference intervals in Danish children aged 0-17 years

Mia Elbek Schjørring*, Tina Parkner, Cindy Soendersoe Knudsen, Lea Tybirk, Claus Vinter Bødker Hviid

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Elevated levels of neurofilament light chain (NfL) in the blood is an unspecific biomarker for damage to neuronal axons. The measurement of NfL levels in the blood can provide useful information for monitoring and prognostication of various neurological disorders in children, but a reference interval (RI) is needed before the clinical implementation of the biomarker. We aimed to establish a RI for children aged 0-17 years. Serum samples from 292 healthy reference subjects aged 0.4-17.9 years were analysed by a single-molecule array (Simoa®) established for routine clinical use. Non-parametric quantile regression was used to model a continuous RI, and a traditional age-partitioned non-parametric RI was established according to Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) guideline C28-A3. Furthermore, we investigated the effect of hemolysis on assay performance. The traditional age-partitioned non-parametric RI for the age group <3 years was 3.5-16.6 ng/L and 2.1-13.9 ng/L in the age group ≥3 years, respectively. The continuous RI showed an age-dependent decrease in median NfL levels in the first three years of life which was also evident in the age-partitioning of the traditional RI. We found no difference between sexes and no impact of hemolysis on the NfL test results. This study establishes a pediatric RI for serum NfL and lays the groundwork for its future use in clinical practice.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
BogserieScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Vol/bind83
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)403-407
Antal sider5
ISSN0085-591X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2023

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