Neanderthals at the frontier? Geological potential of southwestern South Scandinavia as archive of Pleistocene human occupation

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Neanderthals at the frontier? Geological potential of southwestern South Scandinavia as archive of Pleistocene human occupation. / Nielsen, Trine Kellberg; Kristiansen, Søren Munch; Riede, Felix.

I: Quaternary Science Reviews, Bind 221, 105870, 10.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{189860dd9314402e84f4de5697d1c3ae,
title = "Neanderthals at the frontier? Geological potential of southwestern South Scandinavia as archive of Pleistocene human occupation",
abstract = "Preservation and exposure of sediments is a prerequisite for finding archaeological traces. Regional geological history plays a significant and potentially biasing role in the reconstruction of the biogeographical distribution of Pleistocene hominins, particularly in previously glaciated regions. Here we present a digital geoarchaeological approach to a qualitative assessment of this archaeological bias in southwestern South Scandinavia. First, we identify time periods where the region was accessible and suitable for past humans. Our results show that only the longer Pleistocene interstadials offered terrestrial access in combination with potentially suitable habitats. Second, we present an extended digital geoarchaeological prospection of lacustrine, fluvial and palaeosol deposits and relict landscape features. This review guides the identification of preserved sediments of Pleistocene origin and confirms that Pleistocene deposits and landscape features are present in the study area, however, generally in a poor state and low quantity/quality. Third, we map the modern occurrence of sediment exposure through natural processes and anthropogenic activities. Triangulating the cumulated results of these three steps we identify three target areas which offer promising combinations of these factors: A) the Holsted and R{\o}dding hill islands in Central South Jutland; B) the moraine landscape of Central East Jutland, and C) the intersections of buried valleys on the east coast of Jutland. To test the robustness of our prediction, it is necessary to regularly survey open quarries and exposures in these target areas. This should be the aim of future studies, ideally conducted, we suggest, using citizen science approaches that include relevant stakeholders.",
keywords = "Digital geoarchaeology, Neanderthal site prediction, Paleoenvironment, Paleogeography, Pleistocene, Scandinavia",
author = "Nielsen, {Trine Kellberg} and Kristiansen, {S{\o}ren Munch} and Felix Riede",
year = "2019",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.105870",
language = "Dansk",
volume = "221",
journal = "Quaternary Science Reviews",
issn = "0277-3791",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neanderthals at the frontier? Geological potential of southwestern South Scandinavia as archive of Pleistocene human occupation

AU - Nielsen, Trine Kellberg

AU - Kristiansen, Søren Munch

AU - Riede, Felix

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - Preservation and exposure of sediments is a prerequisite for finding archaeological traces. Regional geological history plays a significant and potentially biasing role in the reconstruction of the biogeographical distribution of Pleistocene hominins, particularly in previously glaciated regions. Here we present a digital geoarchaeological approach to a qualitative assessment of this archaeological bias in southwestern South Scandinavia. First, we identify time periods where the region was accessible and suitable for past humans. Our results show that only the longer Pleistocene interstadials offered terrestrial access in combination with potentially suitable habitats. Second, we present an extended digital geoarchaeological prospection of lacustrine, fluvial and palaeosol deposits and relict landscape features. This review guides the identification of preserved sediments of Pleistocene origin and confirms that Pleistocene deposits and landscape features are present in the study area, however, generally in a poor state and low quantity/quality. Third, we map the modern occurrence of sediment exposure through natural processes and anthropogenic activities. Triangulating the cumulated results of these three steps we identify three target areas which offer promising combinations of these factors: A) the Holsted and Rødding hill islands in Central South Jutland; B) the moraine landscape of Central East Jutland, and C) the intersections of buried valleys on the east coast of Jutland. To test the robustness of our prediction, it is necessary to regularly survey open quarries and exposures in these target areas. This should be the aim of future studies, ideally conducted, we suggest, using citizen science approaches that include relevant stakeholders.

AB - Preservation and exposure of sediments is a prerequisite for finding archaeological traces. Regional geological history plays a significant and potentially biasing role in the reconstruction of the biogeographical distribution of Pleistocene hominins, particularly in previously glaciated regions. Here we present a digital geoarchaeological approach to a qualitative assessment of this archaeological bias in southwestern South Scandinavia. First, we identify time periods where the region was accessible and suitable for past humans. Our results show that only the longer Pleistocene interstadials offered terrestrial access in combination with potentially suitable habitats. Second, we present an extended digital geoarchaeological prospection of lacustrine, fluvial and palaeosol deposits and relict landscape features. This review guides the identification of preserved sediments of Pleistocene origin and confirms that Pleistocene deposits and landscape features are present in the study area, however, generally in a poor state and low quantity/quality. Third, we map the modern occurrence of sediment exposure through natural processes and anthropogenic activities. Triangulating the cumulated results of these three steps we identify three target areas which offer promising combinations of these factors: A) the Holsted and Rødding hill islands in Central South Jutland; B) the moraine landscape of Central East Jutland, and C) the intersections of buried valleys on the east coast of Jutland. To test the robustness of our prediction, it is necessary to regularly survey open quarries and exposures in these target areas. This should be the aim of future studies, ideally conducted, we suggest, using citizen science approaches that include relevant stakeholders.

KW - Digital geoarchaeology

KW - Neanderthal site prediction

KW - Paleoenvironment

KW - Paleogeography

KW - Pleistocene

KW - Scandinavia

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.105870

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.105870

M3 - Tidsskriftartikel

VL - 221

JO - Quaternary Science Reviews

JF - Quaternary Science Reviews

SN - 0277-3791

M1 - 105870

ER -