Nationwide cohort study of the impact of education, income and social isolation on survival after acute colorectal cancer surgery

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  • T. H. Degett, Kræftens Bekæmpelse, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • J. Christensen, Kræftens Bekæmpelse
  • ,
  • L. A. Thomsen, Kræftens Bekæmpelse
  • ,
  • L. H. Iversen
  • I. Gögenur, Københavns Universitet, Danish Colorectal Cancer Group
  • ,
  • S. O. Dalton, Kræftens Bekæmpelse, Københavns Universitet

BACKGROUND: Acute colorectal cancer surgery has been associated with a high postoperative mortality. The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between socioeconomic position and the likelihood of undergoing acute versus elective colorectal cancer surgery. A secondary aim was to determine 1-year survival among patients treated with acute surgery. METHODS: All patients who had undergone a surgical procedure according to the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group ( database, or who were registered with stent or diverting stoma in the National Patient Register from 2007 to 2015, were reviewed. Socioeconomic position was determined by highest attained educational level, income, urbanicity and cohabitation status, obtained from administrative registries. Co-variables included age, sex, year of surgery, Charlson Co-morbidity Index score, smoking status, alcohol consumption, BMI, stage and tumour localization. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the likelihood of acute colorectal cancer surgery, and Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression methods were used for analysis of 1-year overall survival. RESULTS: In total, 35 661 patients were included; 5310 (14·9 per cent) had acute surgery. Short and medium education in patients younger than 65 years (odds ratio (OR) 1·58, 95 per cent c.i. 1·32 to 1·91, and OR 1·34, 1·15 to 1·55 respectively), low income (OR 1·12, 1·01 to 1·24) and living alone (OR 1·35, 1·26 to 1·46) were associated with acute surgery. Overall, 40·7 per cent of patients died within 1 year of surgery. Short education (hazard ratio (HR) 1·18, 95 per cent c.i. 1·03 to 1·36), low income (HR 1·16, 1·01 to 1·34) and living alone (HR 1·25, 1·13 to 1·38) were associated with reduced 1-year survival after acute surgery. CONCLUSION: Low socioeconomic position was associated with an increased likelihood of undergoing acute colorectal cancer surgery, and with reduced 1-year overall survival after acute surgery.

TidsskriftBJS Open
Sider (fra-til)133-144
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2020

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