Nanomechanical sensing of DNA sequences using piezoresistive cantilevers

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A microfabricated cantilever with an internal piezoresistive component has been sensitized with thiol tethered ss-DNA strands and utilized for an in situ, label-free, highly specific, and rapid DNA detection assay. The generation of a differential surface stress onto the functionalized cantilever surface upon target recognition has allowed nanomechanical identification of 12-nucleotide complementary DNA probes with single base mismatch discrimination (sensitivity of 0.2 microM). Interestingly, utilization of an overhang extension distal to the surface enhanced the sensitivity to the 0.01 microM level. The cantilever was functionalized by inkjet printing technology. Replacing the capture probe with locked nucleic acid (LNA) resulted in a faster target probe capture kinetics compared to DNA-DNA hybridization. The capabilities of the piezoresistive cantilever indicate future ergonomic convenience via miniaturization alternative to the conventional laser-based detection method for portable on-site applications.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftLangmuir
Vol/bind21
Nummer18
Sider (fra-til)8400-8408
Antal sider9
ISSN0743-7463
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2005

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