Nanomaterials and Annelid Immunity: A Comparative Survey to Reveal the Common Stress and Defense Responses of Two Sentinel Species to Nanomaterials in the Environment

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  • Kornélia Bodó, University of Pecs, Ungarn
  • Nicoló Baranzini, University of Insubria, Italien
  • Rossana Girardello, University of Insubria, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Italien
  • Bohdana Kokhanyuk, University of Pecs, Ungarn
  • Péter Németh, University of Pecs, Ungarn
  • Yuya Hayashi
  • Annalisa Grimaldi, University of Insubria, Italien
  • Péter Engelmann, University of Pecs, Ungarn
Earthworms and leeches are sentinel animals that represent the annelid phylum within terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, respectively. One early stress signal in these organisms is related to innate immunity, but how nanomaterials affect it is poorly characterized. In this survey, we compare the latest literature on earthworm and leeches with examples of their molecular/cellular responses to inorganic (silver nanoparticles) and organic (carbon nanotubes) nanomaterials. A special focus is placed on the role of annelid immunocytes in the evolutionarily conserved antioxidant and immune mechanisms and protein corona formation and probable endocytosis pathways involved in nanomaterial uptake. Our summary helps to realize why these environmental sentinels are beneficial to study the potential detrimental effects of nanomaterials.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer307
TidsskriftBiology
Vol/bind9
Nummer10
Antal sider22
ISSN2079-7737
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2020

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