OBJECTIVE: To understand the pathophysiology of myopathies by using muscle velocity recovery cycles (MVRC) and frequency ramp (RAMP) methodologies.
METHODS: 42 patients with quantitative electromyography (qEMG) and biopsy or genetic verified myopathy and 42 healthy controls were examined with qEMG, MVRC and RAMP, all recorded from the anterior tibial muscle.
RESULTS: There were significant differences in the motor unit potential (MUP) duration, the early and late supernormalities of the MVRC and the RAMP latencies in myopathy patients compared to controls (p < 0.05 apart from muscle relatively refractory period (MRRP)). When dividing into subgroups, the above-mentioned changes in MVRC and RAMP parameters were increased for the patients with non-inflammatory myopathy, while there were no significant changes in the group of patients with inflammatory myopathy.
CONCLUSIONS: The MVRC and RAMP parameters can discriminate between healthy controls and myopathy patients, more significantly for non-inflammatory myopathy. MVRC differences with normal MRRP in myopathy differs from other conditions with membrane depolarisation.
SIGNIFICANCE: MVCR and RAMP may have a potential in understanding disease pathophysiology in myopathies. The pathogenesis in non-inflammatory myopathy does not seem to be caused by a depolarisation of the resting membrane potential but rather by the change in sodium channels of the muscle membrane.