Multiple stabilizing pathways in wetland plant communities subjected to an elevation gradient

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  • Hui Fu, Hunan Agricultural University, Jiangxi Institute of Water Sciences
  • ,
  • Guixiang Yuan, Hunan Agricultural University, Jiangxi Institute of Water Sciences
  • ,
  • Erik Jeppesen
  • Dabing Ge, Hunan Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Dongsheng Zou, Hunan Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Qian Lou, Jiangxi Institute of Water Sciences
  • ,
  • Taotao Dai, Jiangxi Institute of Water Sciences
  • ,
  • Wei Li, Nanchang Institute of Technology
  • ,
  • Jiayou Zhong, Jiangxi Institute of Water Sciences
  • ,
  • Zhenrong Huang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Qiaolin Liu, Hunan Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Aiping Wu, Hunan Agricultural University

Understanding how ecological processes mediate community stability as a response to variation in the environment is a central goal in ecology. Four biotic mechanisms – portfolio, selection, insurance, and over-yielding effects – have been suggested to control community stability. While the significance of each of these mechanisms is debated, few studies have elucidated changes in their relative importance along environmental gradients. We used six years of field observations from a natural assembled wetland plant community to explore how stability changed directly or indirectly along an elevation gradient. All four mechanisms mentioned above contributed significantly to the variation in temporal stability (totally 94%), with selection and insurance effects being most important. Generalized multilevel path modelling indicates that the four mechanisms destabilize individual populations and functional groups, even though they have significant stabilizing effects on community productivity. The modelling also suggests that community dominance rather than species diversity largely mediate the indirect effects of elevation on community stability. Increasing elevation indirectly affects stability through changes in community dominance, synchrony, and abundance. Although no significant responses of species diversity were found along elevation gradients, species diversity apparently controlled stability both directly and indirectly through changes in community dominance, synchrony, and abundance. Our study illustrates that understanding the multivariate chains linking the direct, indirect, and interactive effects of elevation gradients on plant communities may help clarifying complex biotic stability mechanisms.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEcological Indicators
Vol/bind104
Sider (fra-til)704-710
Antal sider7
ISSN1470-160X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2019

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