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Mortality After Late Breast Cancer Recurrence in Denmark

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


PURPOSE: Late breast cancer (BC) recurrence (ie, ≥ 10 years after primary diagnosis) may have a more favorable prognosis than earlier recurrence. We investigated the risk of BC death after late recurrence, identified prognostic factors, and compared survival after early and late recurrence. METHODS: Using the Danish Breast Cancer Group and other nationwide databases, we identified women with early or late BC recurrence during 2004-2018, who were alive 6 months after recurrence. We followed them until BC death, death from other causes, emigration, 10 years, or December 31, 2018, whichever came first. We calculated mortality rates (MRs) per 1,000 person-years (PY) and cumulative BC mortality, for early versus late recurrence, and by characteristics of the primary tumor and the late recurrence. Using Cox regression, we calculated adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for BC death, accounting for death from other causes as competing risks. RESULTS: Among 2,004 patients with late recurrence, 721 died of BC with a median survival time of 10 years (MR = 84.8 per 1,000 PY; 10-year cumulative mortality = 50%). Among 1,528 patients with early recurrence, 1,092 BC deaths occurred with a median survival time of 4 years (MR = 173.9 per 1,000 PY; 10-year cumulative mortality = 72%). We observed a lower hazard of BC-specific death among patients who developed late compared with early recurrence (hazard ratio = 0.72; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.85). Advanced stage at primary diagnosis, distant metastases, adjuvant treatment for locoregional recurrence, and systemic treatment for distant recurrence were associated with increased mortality after late recurrence. Breast-conserving surgery at primary diagnosis, locoregional recurrence, and surgery for recurrence were associated with lower mortality after late recurrence. CONCLUSION: Patients with late recurrence had more favorable prognosis than patients with early recurrence. The localization of recurrent disease was the main prognostic factor for BC death.

TidsskriftJournal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Sider (fra-til)1450-1463
Antal sider14
StatusUdgivet - maj 2022

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