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Minimal Resection Takes Place during Break-Induced Replication Repair of Collapsed Replication Forks and Is Controlled by Strand Invasion

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A natural and frequently occurring replication problem is generated by the action of topoisomerase I (Top1). Trapping of Top1 in a cleavage complex on the DNA generates a protein-linked DNA nick (PDN), which upon DNA replication can be transformed into a one-ended double-strand break (DSB). Break-induced replication (BIR) has been recognized as a critical repair mechanism of one-ended DSBs. Here, we have investigated resection at a one-ended DSB formed exclusively during replication due to Top1-mimicking damage. We show that resection is minimal, and only when strand invasion is abolished is extensive resection detected. When DNA synthesis is slowed by hydroxyurea treatment, extended resection is not observed, which suggests that strand invasion and/or heteroduplex formation restrains resection. Our results demonstrate that the BIR pathway acting during S phase is tailored to prevent hazardous effects of naturally and frequently occurring DNA breaks such as Top1-generated PDNs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere3
TidsskriftCell Reports
Vol/bind26
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)836-844
Antal sider12
ISSN2211-1247
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2019

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