Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle

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Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle. / Gargani, Maria; Pariset, Lorraine; Lenstra, Johannes A; De Minicis, Elisabetta; Valentini, Alessio; European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium ; Holm, Lars-Erik.

I: Frontiers in Genetics, Bind 6, 68, 03.2015, s. 1-6.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Gargani, M, Pariset, L, Lenstra, JA, De Minicis, E, Valentini, A, European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium & Holm, L-E 2015, 'Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle', Frontiers in Genetics, bind 6, 68, s. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2015.00068

APA

Gargani, M., Pariset, L., Lenstra, J. A., De Minicis, E., Valentini, A., European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium, & Holm, L-E. (2015). Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle. Frontiers in Genetics, 6, 1-6. [68]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2015.00068

CBE

Gargani M, Pariset L, Lenstra JA, De Minicis E, Valentini A, European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium, Holm L-E. 2015. Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle. Frontiers in Genetics. 6:1-6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2015.00068

MLA

Vancouver

Gargani M, Pariset L, Lenstra JA, De Minicis E, Valentini A, European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium o.a. Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle. Frontiers in Genetics. 2015 mar;6:1-6. 68. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2015.00068

Author

Gargani, Maria ; Pariset, Lorraine ; Lenstra, Johannes A ; De Minicis, Elisabetta ; Valentini, Alessio ; European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium ; Holm, Lars-Erik. / Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle. I: Frontiers in Genetics. 2015 ; Bind 6. s. 1-6.

Bibtex

@article{8e8bd71d9b6042c590f3f94dab5b69b8,
title = "Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle",
abstract = "Analysis of DNA from archeological remains is a valuable tool to interpret the history of ancient animal populations. So far most studies of ancient DNA target mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which reveals maternal lineages, but only partially the relationships of current breeds and ancient populations. In this study we explore the feasibility of nuclear DNA analysis. DNA was extracted from 1000-years old cattle bone collected from Ferento, an archeological site in central Italy. Amplification of 15 microsatellite FAO-recommended markers with PCR products yielded genotypes for four markers. Expected heterozygosity was comparable with values of modern breeds, but observed heterozygosity was underestimated due to allelic loss. Genetic distances suggested a position intermediate between (1) Anatolian, Balkan, Sicilian and South-Italian cattle and (2) the Iberian, North-European and Central-European cattle, but also a clear relationship with two central-Italian breeds, Chianina and Romagnola. This suggests that these breeds are derived from medieval cattle living in the same area. Our results illustrate the potential of ancient DNA for reconstructing the history of local cattle husbandry.",
keywords = "Microsatellite, ancientDNA, Cattle, Ferento, NeighborNet",
author = "Maria Gargani and Lorraine Pariset and Lenstra, {Johannes A} and {De Minicis}, Elisabetta and Alessio Valentini and {European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium} and Lars-Erik Holm",
year = "2015",
month = mar,
doi = "10.3389/fgene.2015.00068",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "1--6",
journal = "Frontiers in Genetics",
issn = "1664-8021",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microsatellite genotyping of medieval cattle from central Italy suggests an old origin of Chianina and Romagnola cattle

AU - Gargani, Maria

AU - Pariset, Lorraine

AU - Lenstra, Johannes A

AU - De Minicis, Elisabetta

AU - Valentini, Alessio

AU - European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium

AU - Holm, Lars-Erik

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - Analysis of DNA from archeological remains is a valuable tool to interpret the history of ancient animal populations. So far most studies of ancient DNA target mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which reveals maternal lineages, but only partially the relationships of current breeds and ancient populations. In this study we explore the feasibility of nuclear DNA analysis. DNA was extracted from 1000-years old cattle bone collected from Ferento, an archeological site in central Italy. Amplification of 15 microsatellite FAO-recommended markers with PCR products yielded genotypes for four markers. Expected heterozygosity was comparable with values of modern breeds, but observed heterozygosity was underestimated due to allelic loss. Genetic distances suggested a position intermediate between (1) Anatolian, Balkan, Sicilian and South-Italian cattle and (2) the Iberian, North-European and Central-European cattle, but also a clear relationship with two central-Italian breeds, Chianina and Romagnola. This suggests that these breeds are derived from medieval cattle living in the same area. Our results illustrate the potential of ancient DNA for reconstructing the history of local cattle husbandry.

AB - Analysis of DNA from archeological remains is a valuable tool to interpret the history of ancient animal populations. So far most studies of ancient DNA target mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which reveals maternal lineages, but only partially the relationships of current breeds and ancient populations. In this study we explore the feasibility of nuclear DNA analysis. DNA was extracted from 1000-years old cattle bone collected from Ferento, an archeological site in central Italy. Amplification of 15 microsatellite FAO-recommended markers with PCR products yielded genotypes for four markers. Expected heterozygosity was comparable with values of modern breeds, but observed heterozygosity was underestimated due to allelic loss. Genetic distances suggested a position intermediate between (1) Anatolian, Balkan, Sicilian and South-Italian cattle and (2) the Iberian, North-European and Central-European cattle, but also a clear relationship with two central-Italian breeds, Chianina and Romagnola. This suggests that these breeds are derived from medieval cattle living in the same area. Our results illustrate the potential of ancient DNA for reconstructing the history of local cattle husbandry.

KW - Microsatellite

KW - ancientDNA

KW - Cattle

KW - Ferento

KW - NeighborNet

U2 - 10.3389/fgene.2015.00068

DO - 10.3389/fgene.2015.00068

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25788902

VL - 6

SP - 1

EP - 6

JO - Frontiers in Genetics

JF - Frontiers in Genetics

SN - 1664-8021

M1 - 68

ER -