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Micro-level model explanation and counterfactual constraint

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Micro-level model explanation and counterfactual constraint. / Schindler, Samuel.

I: European Journal for Philosophy of Science, Bind 12, Nr. 2, 40, 06.2022.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Schindler, Samuel. / Micro-level model explanation and counterfactual constraint. I: European Journal for Philosophy of Science. 2022 ; Bind 12, Nr. 2.

Bibtex

@article{d527428346ef4b9e970c67dd1ea456ca,
title = "Micro-level model explanation and counterfactual constraint",
abstract = "Relationships of counterfactual dependence have played a major role in recent debates of explanation and understanding in the philosophy of science. Usually, counterfactual dependencies have been viewed as the explanantia of explanation, i.e., the things providing explanation and understanding. Sometimes, however, counterfactual dependencies are themselves the targets of explanations in science. These kinds of explanations are the focus of this paper. I argue that “micro-level model explanations” explain the particular form of the empirical regularity underlying a counterfactual dependency by representing it as a physical necessity on the basis of postulated microscopic entities. By doing so, micro-level models rule out possible forms the regularity (and the associated counterfactual) could have taken. Micro-model explanations, in other words, constrain empirical regularities and their associated counterfactual dependencies. I introduce and illustrate micro-level model explanations in detail, contrast them to other accounts of explanation, and consider potential problems.",
keywords = "Counterfactual dependence, Explanation, micro-model, Modality, Necessity",
author = "Samuel Schindler",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022, Springer Nature B.V.",
year = "2022",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1007/s13194-022-00465-x",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "European Journal for Philosophy of Science",
issn = "1879-4912",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Micro-level model explanation and counterfactual constraint

AU - Schindler, Samuel

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022, Springer Nature B.V.

PY - 2022/6

Y1 - 2022/6

N2 - Relationships of counterfactual dependence have played a major role in recent debates of explanation and understanding in the philosophy of science. Usually, counterfactual dependencies have been viewed as the explanantia of explanation, i.e., the things providing explanation and understanding. Sometimes, however, counterfactual dependencies are themselves the targets of explanations in science. These kinds of explanations are the focus of this paper. I argue that “micro-level model explanations” explain the particular form of the empirical regularity underlying a counterfactual dependency by representing it as a physical necessity on the basis of postulated microscopic entities. By doing so, micro-level models rule out possible forms the regularity (and the associated counterfactual) could have taken. Micro-model explanations, in other words, constrain empirical regularities and their associated counterfactual dependencies. I introduce and illustrate micro-level model explanations in detail, contrast them to other accounts of explanation, and consider potential problems.

AB - Relationships of counterfactual dependence have played a major role in recent debates of explanation and understanding in the philosophy of science. Usually, counterfactual dependencies have been viewed as the explanantia of explanation, i.e., the things providing explanation and understanding. Sometimes, however, counterfactual dependencies are themselves the targets of explanations in science. These kinds of explanations are the focus of this paper. I argue that “micro-level model explanations” explain the particular form of the empirical regularity underlying a counterfactual dependency by representing it as a physical necessity on the basis of postulated microscopic entities. By doing so, micro-level models rule out possible forms the regularity (and the associated counterfactual) could have taken. Micro-model explanations, in other words, constrain empirical regularities and their associated counterfactual dependencies. I introduce and illustrate micro-level model explanations in detail, contrast them to other accounts of explanation, and consider potential problems.

KW - Counterfactual dependence

KW - Explanation

KW - micro-model

KW - Modality

KW - Necessity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85131726875&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s13194-022-00465-x

DO - 10.1007/s13194-022-00465-x

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85131726875

VL - 12

JO - European Journal for Philosophy of Science

JF - European Journal for Philosophy of Science

SN - 1879-4912

IS - 2

M1 - 40

ER -