Melittin inhibits the expression of key genes involved in tumor microenvironment formation by suppressing HIF-1α signaling in breast cancer cells

Zabih Mir Hassani, Mohammad Nabiuni*, Kazem Parivar, Somayeh Abdirad, Latifeh Karimzadeh

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

HIF-1α has critical roles in the formation of tumor microenvironment by regulating genes involved in angiogenesis and anaerobic respiration. TME fuels tumors' growth and metastasis and presents therapy with several challenges. Therefore, we aimed to investigate if Melittin disrupts HIF-1α signaling pathway in breast adenocarcinoma cell line MDA-MB-231. Breast adenocarcinoma cell line MDA-MB-231 was cultured in the presence of different doses of Melittin, and MTT assay was carried out to measure Melittin’s cytotoxic effects. Cells were exposed to 5% O2 to mimic hypoxic conditions and Melittin. Western blot was used to measure HIF-1α protein levels. Gene expression analysis was performed using real-time PCR to measure relative mRNA abundance of genes involved in tumor microenvironment formation. Our results revealed that Melittin effectively inhibits HIF-1α at transcriptional and translational/post-translational level. HIF-1α protein and mRNA level were significantly decreased in Melittin-treated groups. It is found that inhibition of HIF-1α by Melittin is through downregulation of NFκB gene expression. Furthermore, gene expression analysis showed a downregulation in VEGFA and LDHA expression due to inhibition of HIF-1α protein by Melittin. In addition, cell toxicity assay showed that Melittin inhibits the growth of MDA-MB-231 cell line through activation of extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways by upregulating TNFA and BAX expression. Melittin suppresses the expression of genes responsible for formation of TME physiological hallmarks by suppressing HIF-1α signaling pathway. Our results suggest that Melittin can modulate tumor microenvironment by inhibition of VEGFA and LDHA.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer77
TidsskriftMedical Oncology
Vol/bind38
Nummer7
ISSN1357-0560
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2021

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