Mefentrifluconazole sensitivity amongst European Zymoseptoria tritici populations and potential implications for its field efficacy

Steven Kildea, Pierre Hellin, Thies M. Heick, Stephen Byrne, Fiona Hutton

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BACKGROUND: Septoria tritici blotch caused by Zymoseptoria tritici continues to be one of the most economically destructive diseases of winter wheat in north-western Europe. Control is heavily reliant on the application of fungicides, in particular those belonging to the azole group. Here we describe the sensitivity of European Z. tritici populations to the novel azole mefentrifluconazole and the analysis of associated mechanisms of resistance. RESULTS: A wide range of sensitivity to mefentrifluconazole was observed amongst the Z. tritici collections examined, with strong cross-resistances also observed between mefentrifluconazole, difenoconazole and tebuconazole. Overall, the Irish population displayed the lowest sensitivity to all azoles tested. Further detailed analysis of the Irish population in 2021 demonstrated differences in sensitivity occurred between sampling sites, with these differences associated with the frequencies of key resistance mechanisms (CYP51 alterations and MFS1 promoter inserts linked to overexpression). Under glasshouse conditions reductions in the efficacy of mefentrifluconazole were observed towards those strains exhibiting the lowest in vitro sensitivities. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that a large range of sensitivity to mefentrifluconazole exists in European Z. tritici populations. Those strains exhibiting the lowest sensitivity to the azoles tested had the most complex CYP51 haplotypes in combination with the 519 bp insert, associated with enhanced activity of MFS1. The future use of mefentrifluconazole should take these findings into consideration to minimise the selection of these strains.

TidsskriftPest Management Science
Sider (fra-til)533-543
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2024