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Mechanism of inhibition of human glucose transporter GLUT1 is conserved between cytochalasin B and phenylalanine amides

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  • Khyati Kapoor, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
  • Janet S. Finer-Moore, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
  • Bjørn P Pedersen
  • Laura Caboni, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
  • Andrew Waight, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
  • Roman C. Hillig, Bayer Pharma AG, Drug Discovery, 13353 Berlin, Germany, Tyskland
  • Peter Bringmann, Bayer Pharmaceuticals, Biologics Research, San Francisco, USA
  • Iring Heisler, Bayer Pharma AG, Drug Discovery, 42096 Wuppertal, Germany, USA
  • Thomas Müller, Bayer Pharma AG, Drug Discovery, 42096 Wuppertal, Germany, Tyskland
  • Holger Siebeneicher, Bayer Pharma AG, Drug Discovery, 13353 Berlin, Germany, Tyskland
  • Robert M Stroud, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, USA

Cancerous cells have an acutely increased demand for energy, leading to increased levels of human glucose transporter 1 (hGLUT1). This up-regulation suggests hGLUT1 as a target for therapeutic inhibitors addressing a multitude of cancer types. Here, we present three inhibitor-bound, inward-open structures of WT-hGLUT1 crystallized with three different inhibitors: cytochalasin B, a nine-membered bicyclic ring fused to a 14-membered macrocycle, which has been described extensively in the literature of hGLUTs, and two previously undescribed Phe amide-derived inhibitors. Despite very different chemical backbones, all three compounds bind in the central cavity of the inward-open state of hGLUT1, and all binding sites overlap the glucose-binding site. The inhibitory action of the compounds was determined for hGLUT family members, hGLUT1-4, using cell-based assays, and compared with homology models for these hGLUT members. This comparison uncovered a probable basis for the observed differences in inhibition between family members. We pinpoint regions of the hGLUT proteins that can be targeted to achieve isoform selectivity, and show that these same regions are used for inhibitors with very distinct structural backbones. The inhibitor cocomplex structures of hGLUT1 provide an important structural insight for the design of more selective inhibitors for hGLUTs and hGLUT1 in particular.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol/bind113
Sider (fra-til)4711-4716
Antal sider6
ISSN0027-8424
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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