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Maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk of appendicitis in the offspring

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Background: Existing evidence on the link between smoking and appendicitis is scarce and ambiguous. We therefore conducted a population-based cohort study in Denmark to investigate whether smoking during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of appendicitis in offspring. Methods: We used the Danish Birth Registry to include all singletons born during 1991-2017 and to identify maternal smoking status during pregnancy. We followed the children from birth until date of appendicitis, emigration, death, or administrative end of study (31 December 2018), whichever came first. We calculated crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of appendicitis with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) comparing children of mothers who smoked during pregnancy to children of nonsmokers. Further, we conducted a bias analysis and sibling analysis. Results: We included 1,659,526 singletons of whom 19% were born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy. After maximum 28 years of follow-up, hazard rates for children of smokers were slightly higher than for children of nonsmokers [adjusted HR: 1.07 (95% CI = 1.04, 1.10)]. Stratification by sex revealed no association for males [adjusted HR: 1.02 (95% CI = 0.99, 1.06)], but a higher HR for females [adjusted HR: 1.13 (95% CI = 1.09, 1.18)]. This association increased with increasing length of follow-up, indicating that the association may be mediated by later-life exposures. The bias analysis indicated that misclassification of maternal smoking could attenuate a true association, while the sibling analysis showed no association. Conclusions: Maternal smoking during pregnancy and appendicitis in the offspring may be associated.

Sider (fra-til)293-301
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 1 mar. 2023

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