Managing employees' depression from the employees', co-workers' and employers' perspectives. An integrative review

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review



Purpose: To synthesize evidence on factors promoting or hindering work participation (WP) of employees with depression from the employees’, co-workers’ and employers’ perspectives, as well as an additional focus on the influence of the employee’s occupation.
Methods: An integrative review was conducted. Pre-defined eligibility criteria guided study selection. Articles were critically appraised using tools developed by Joanna Briggs and Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Findings were analysed and synthesised using qualitative inductive content analysis.
Results: Seventeen studies were included: 12 quantitative studies, three qualitative studies and two mixed methods studies. From these, 144 findings were extracted and combined into six categories from which two syntheses were developed. One synthesis demonstrated that employees, co-workers and employers hold different perspectives on rehabilitation stakeholders’ responsibilities hindering WP. The other synthesis revealed that WP is influenced by interactions between individual and occupa- tional factors.
Conclusions: Sufficient treatment from health professionals promotes WP. Employees’ fear of stigmatiza- tion hinders WP. Co-workers and employers find that open communication is important, however, employers are concerned about entering employees’ private sphere. When managing employees with depression, employers intervene at the individual level. There is a need for structural interventions to pro- mote WP among employees with depression.
TidsskriftDisability and Rehabilitation
Sider (fra-til)445-459
Antal sider15
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2020


  • Systematic Review, vocational rehabilitation, work participation, return to work, mental disorder, Depressive Disorder

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