Malnutrition in Patients With Moderate to Severe Acquired Brain Injury: Prevalence During 4 Weeks of Subacute Rehabilitation

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with high rates of complication, longer hospital stays, and increased morbidity and mortality. Malnutrition defined as undernutrition is common in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI); however, estimates vary remarkably. This study aimed to describe malnutrition at admission and after 4 weeks of subacute inpatient neurorehabilitation in patients with ABI using the new global consensus definition of malnutrition. METHODS: One hundred thirty-three patients with moderate to severe ABI consecutively admitted to a specialized neurorehabilitation hospital within a period of 4 months were screened for inclusion, of which 92 were included. Malnutrition was defined as at least 1 phenotypic criterion (weight loss, low body mass index, low muscle mass) and at least 1 etiologic criterion (reduced food intake, inflammation). Malnutrition on admission and after 4 weeks was compared using the McNemar test. RESULTS: The proportion of patients with malnutrition at admission was 42%, with more men (46%) than women (36%) fulfilling the criteria for malnutrition. The most frequent phenotypic and etiologic criteria were weight loss (56%) and inflammation (74%), respectively. During the 4 weeks of rehabilitation, the proportion of male patients fulfilling the individual criteria "weight loss"(difference, -21.4%) and "inflammation"(difference, -18.9%) decreased significantly; "low muscle mass"decreased borderline significant (difference, -8.9%), whereas "low body mass index"did not change. The proportion of female patients fulfilling individual criteria for malnutrition was stable or increased nonsignificantly. CONCLUSION: Malnutrition was common at admission to neurorehabilitation in patients with moderate to severe ABI, with more men than women fulfilling the criteria for malnutrition. The nutritional status improved after 4 weeks of rehabilitation in male patients, whereas it was largely unchanged in female patients. The results provide the basis for monitoring high-quality nutritional nursing care.

TidsskriftJournal of Neuroscience Nursing
Sider (fra-til)38-44
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2023

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 314706922