Low evolutionary potential for egg-to-adult viability in Drosophila melanogaster at high temperatures

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Torsten N Kristensen, Department of chemistry and bioscience, Section of Biology and Environmental Science, Aalborg University, Danmark
  • Johannes Overgaard
  • Jan Lassen
  • Ary A Hoffmann
  • ,
  • Carla Sgrò

To cope with the increasing and less-predictable temperature forecasts under climate change, many terrestrial ectotherms will have to migrate or rely on adaptation through plastic or evolutionary means. Studies suggest that some ectotherms have a limited potential to change their upper thermal limits via evolutionary shifts, but research has mostly focused on adult life stages under laboratory conditions. Here we use replicate populations of Drosophila melanogaster and a nested half-sib/full-sib quantitative genetic design to estimate heritabilities and genetic variance components for egg-to-adult viability under both laboratory and seminatural field conditions, encompassing cold, benign, and hot temperatures in two separate populations. The results demonstrated temperature-specific heritabilities and additive genetic variances for egg-to-adult viability. Heritabilities and genetic variances were higher under cold and benign compared to hot temperatures when tested under controlled laboratory conditions. Tendencies toward lower evolutionary potential at higher temperatures were also observed under seminatural conditions although the results were less clear in the field setting. Overall the results suggest that ectotherms that already experience temperatures close to their upper thermal tolerance limits have a restricted capacity to adapt to higher temperatures by evolutionary means.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEvolution
Vol/bind69
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)803-814
Antal sider12
ISSN0014-3820
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2015

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 86745635