Long-term changes of exercise hemodynamics and physical capacity in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy

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BACKGROUND: A substantial number of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients experience dyspnea on exertion and limited exercise capacity despite surgically successful pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). We sought to prospectively evaluate resting and peak exercise hemodynamics before, 3 and 12 months after PEA in consecutive CTEPH-patients and correlate it to physical functional capacity.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty consecutive CTEPH-patients were examined. Twelve months after PEA, 75% of patients with severely increased pre-PEA mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) at rest had normal or mildly increased mPAP. However, mPAP reduction was less pronounced during exercise where only 45% had normal or mildly increased mPAP at 12 months. Hemodynamic changes during exercise were tested using the pressure-flow relationship (i.e. mPAP/cardiac output (CO) slope). The average mPAP/CO slope was 7.5 ± 4.2 mm Hg/L/min preoperatively and 3.9 ± 3.0 mm Hg/L/min at 12 months (p < .005). CO reserve (CO increase from rest to peak exercise) was increased (5.7 ± 2.9 L/min) 12 months after PEA compared with pre-PEA (2.5 ± 1.8 L/min), p < .0001. However, 12 months after PEA, the CO reserve was only 49% of that of healthy controls, p < .0001. Changes in cardiac output (∆CO), calculated as the difference between CO before PEA and 12 months later, were significantly correlated with six-minute-walk-test and peak oxygen uptake (VO2), both at rest and peak exercise.

CONCLUSION: Invasive exercise hemodynamic examination in CTEPH-patients demonstrates that after otherwise successful PEA surgery, >50% of patients have a significant increase in exercise mPAP, and the CO reserve remains compromised 12 months after PEA. Improvement in physical capacity is correlated with ∆CO.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Cardiology
Sider (fra-til)181-187
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2020

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Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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