Long-term straw return to a wheat-maize system results in topsoil organic C saturation and increased yields while no stimulating or reducing yield-scaled N2O and NO emissions

Zhisheng Yao*, Yanqiang Wang, Rui Wang, Xiaogang Wang, Yan Wang, Xunhua Zheng, Chunyan Liu, Bo Zhu, Minghua Zhou, Yan Liu, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Straw return to agricultural soils is considered as a key strategy to improve soil organic C (SOC) sequestration and crop production. However, changes in SOC can affect soil N-turnover and associated N2O and NO fluxes, as soil biogeochemical C- and N-cycles are strongly coupled. Understanding how and to what extent N-trace gas emissions per unit crop yield respond to changes in SOC following straw return, is critical for balancing food security and climate change mitigation. Here we report on an experiment in a Chinese wheat-maize system designed to understand the effects of long-term (2005–2020) different straw management options (straw return, burning or removal) on SOC stocks and yields, completed by N2O and NO flux measurements over the period 2016–2020. Our results showed that the increase in SOC stocks following straw return tended to level off over time, indicating that SOC saturation is reached after 12–13 years under straw return. Soil N-trace gas emissions showed high inter- and intra-annual variability, which were largely driven by changes in rainfall, soil hydrothermal conditions or soil C- and N-availability. Compared to straw burning or removal, long-term straw return increased annual N2O emissions by 9 %-49 %, to 2.72–2.98 kg N ha−1 yr−1, while NO emissions were decreased by 12 %-28 %, to 0.83–0.90 kg N ha−1 yr−1. The annual N2O emissions roughly offset the total C sink (SOC sequestration and CH4 uptake) by 40 %-46 %, but will override the climate benefits of total C sink as the SOC pool becomes saturated. However, because yields were higher in straw return treatments, yield-scaled annual N2O emissions remained unchanged. Our unique dataset allows for the first time a better understanding of the dynamics between SOC sequestration, yields and N-trace gas emissions, with results calling for action to address the risk of increasing N2O emissions following long-term SOC increases induced by straw return.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer109937
TidsskriftAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
Vol/bind349
Antal sider16
ISSN0168-1923
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2024

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Long-term straw return to a wheat-maize system results in topsoil organic C saturation and increased yields while no stimulating or reducing yield-scaled N2O and NO emissions'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater