Long-term phosphorus removal by Ca and Fe-rich drainage filter materials under variable flow and inlet concentrations

Lorenzo Pugliese*, Eriona Canga, Hans Chr Bruun Hansen, Charlotte Kjærgaard, Goswin J. Heckrath, Tjalfe G. Poulsen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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Phosphorus (P) losses from tile-drained agricultural fields may degrade surface water quality by accelerating eutrophication. Among the different edge-of-field technologies, compact filter systems using different filter materials have been identified as potentially effective solutions for removing P from drainage water before discharge downstream. This study investigated the long-term (>696 days) P removal efficiency of 5 different filter materials in a column setup, using artificial drainage water (pH 6). Filter materials included two iron-based granulates (calcinated diatomaceous earth (CDE), ferric hydroxide granules (CFH)), and three calcium-based granulates (seashells, limestone, calcinated silicate/calcium oxide (Filtralite-P)). Experiments were performed under variable flow rates (0.037 and 1.52 L h−1; hydraulic retention time of 26–43 min and 18–30 h) and inlet P concentrations (0.14 and 0.7 mg L−1). An overall analysis revealed that the Fe-based materials achieved higher P retention than Ca-based materials. In particular, CFH was capable of retaining 99 and 98 % of the high and low inlet P concentrations, respectively. Conversely, limestone retained only 25 % of the high P load. CDE performed moderately well, independently of the inlet P concentration. Filtralite-P and Seashells performed well at high inlet P concentration but relatively poorly at low P concentration. The sensitivity of filter material P removal efficiency to variations in P loading was generally lowest for CFH and highest for limestone.

TidsskriftWater Research
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023


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