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Local disease control after stereotactic body radiotherapy in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms: a cohort study

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Background: Neuroendocrine neoplasms represent a diverse group of malignancies. Anatomic origin, histology and aggressiveness vary extensively, from low-grade tumours with an indolent prognosis to highly aggressive conditions with poor outcome. Surgery, with a curative intent, is the standard of treatment when possible. Other treatment regimens include local treatment, or systemic therapy. The role of radiotherapy in treating neuroendocrine neoplasms is not yet established, but studies indicate that a high rate of local control can be achieved by high-dose radiotherapy. Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is high dose of radiation delivered to a small volume. We aimed to investigate the one-year local control rate of SBRT in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms. Material and Methods: Patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms treated with SBRT between 2003 and 2021 were retrospectively identified. Patient characteristics and SBRT-details were collected by review of patient records and the radiotherapy planning charts. All types except for small cell lung cancer and brain metastases were allowed. The prescribed dose was 45–67.8 Gy in three fractions. Progression, both within the target-site and in other sites, was determined based on existing imaging reports. One-year local control rate and systemic control rate was calculated. Descriptive analyses of local response duration, progression-free survival and overall survival were performed. Results: Twenty-one patients were included. The one-year local control rate was 94%. Four of the patients had local progression. All patients receiving SBRT towards their primary tumour (n = 11) had a bronchopulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasm, and a one-year local control rate of 100%. In patients treated at a metastatic target, 80% developed systemic progression but the local control remained high. Conclusion: Our study suggests that SBRT may offer a feasible and effective treatment of neuroendocrine neoplasms in selected cases. SBRT provides long-term local stability and may be useful in treating patients with localised disease not fit for surgery.

TidsskriftActa Oncologica
Sider (fra-til)621-626
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2023

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