Legacy Pb pollution in the contemporary environment and its potential bioavailability in three mountain catchments

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Legacy Pb pollution in the contemporary environment and its potential bioavailability in three mountain catchments. / Hansson, Sophia V.; Grusson, Youen; Chimienti, Marianna; Claustres, Adrien; Jean, Séverine; Le Roux, Gaël.

I: Science of the Total Environment, Bind 671, 2019, s. 1227-1236.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Hansson, Sophia V. ; Grusson, Youen ; Chimienti, Marianna ; Claustres, Adrien ; Jean, Séverine ; Le Roux, Gaël. / Legacy Pb pollution in the contemporary environment and its potential bioavailability in three mountain catchments. I: Science of the Total Environment. 2019 ; Bind 671. s. 1227-1236.

Bibtex

@article{24dc0cd2d073489f867192ec825a73fd,
title = "Legacy Pb pollution in the contemporary environment and its potential bioavailability in three mountain catchments",
abstract = "Historical mining has a millennial scale history on the globe often leaving a long-lasting imprint on the environment. Previous results on trace metal concentrations in the Pyrenees, where extensive mining (Ag, Fe) occurred from the Antiquity to the 19th century, suggest that ≥600 tons of anthropogenic lead (Pb) is stored in soils in the Haut-Vicdessos area (France). Yet the potential bioavailability of this legacy contamination to contemporary biota remains unclear. We therefore asked if previously reported high-levels of legacy Pb can be seen in other environmental compartments including aquatic biota, and how these are distributed within the biota. Based on Pb-isotopic data, we also assessed if any Pb contamination found in contemporary biota can be linked to local/regional mining. Samples of sphagnum, soil, sediment, biofilm, and fish (Salmo trutta and Phoxinus phoxinus) were collected from three adjacent valleys in the Haut-Vicdessos area. Pb concentrations varied both between sites (i.e. decreasing concentrations with increasing distance from the former mine) and between within-site environmental compartments (i.e. soil > biofilm ≥ sediment > sphagnum > fish) as well as within organisms (i.e. entire organism > liver > muscle). Further, Pb-isotopic ratios ( 206 Pb/ 207 Pb, 208 Pb/ 207 Pb and 208 Pb/ 206 Pb) measured in soil, biofilm, and fish indicated both natural (weathering bedrock) and anthropogenic (industrial, transportation and/or former mining activities) sources of Pb-deposition to the area. Generally, body Pb-concentrations were within regulatory guidelines, yet contemporary biota in the upper Haut-Vicdessos area, and their prey, still showed a large range of Pb isotopic signatures, of which former mining activities appeared to have a strong influence. Our study showed that mining derived legacy Pb continues to affect onsite biota even if mining activities ceased >100 years ago, thus reflecting the long-lasting impact of human-environment interaction, suggesting that ecosystem conditions may remain impaired centuries after activities have ceased.",
keywords = "Biofilm, Fish, Mining, Pb, Pb-isotopes, Soil",
author = "Hansson, {Sophia V.} and Youen Grusson and Marianna Chimienti and Adrien Claustres and S{\'e}verine Jean and {Le Roux}, Ga{\"e}l",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.403",
language = "English",
volume = "671",
pages = "1227--1236",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Legacy Pb pollution in the contemporary environment and its potential bioavailability in three mountain catchments

AU - Hansson, Sophia V.

AU - Grusson, Youen

AU - Chimienti, Marianna

AU - Claustres, Adrien

AU - Jean, Séverine

AU - Le Roux, Gaël

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Historical mining has a millennial scale history on the globe often leaving a long-lasting imprint on the environment. Previous results on trace metal concentrations in the Pyrenees, where extensive mining (Ag, Fe) occurred from the Antiquity to the 19th century, suggest that ≥600 tons of anthropogenic lead (Pb) is stored in soils in the Haut-Vicdessos area (France). Yet the potential bioavailability of this legacy contamination to contemporary biota remains unclear. We therefore asked if previously reported high-levels of legacy Pb can be seen in other environmental compartments including aquatic biota, and how these are distributed within the biota. Based on Pb-isotopic data, we also assessed if any Pb contamination found in contemporary biota can be linked to local/regional mining. Samples of sphagnum, soil, sediment, biofilm, and fish (Salmo trutta and Phoxinus phoxinus) were collected from three adjacent valleys in the Haut-Vicdessos area. Pb concentrations varied both between sites (i.e. decreasing concentrations with increasing distance from the former mine) and between within-site environmental compartments (i.e. soil > biofilm ≥ sediment > sphagnum > fish) as well as within organisms (i.e. entire organism > liver > muscle). Further, Pb-isotopic ratios ( 206 Pb/ 207 Pb, 208 Pb/ 207 Pb and 208 Pb/ 206 Pb) measured in soil, biofilm, and fish indicated both natural (weathering bedrock) and anthropogenic (industrial, transportation and/or former mining activities) sources of Pb-deposition to the area. Generally, body Pb-concentrations were within regulatory guidelines, yet contemporary biota in the upper Haut-Vicdessos area, and their prey, still showed a large range of Pb isotopic signatures, of which former mining activities appeared to have a strong influence. Our study showed that mining derived legacy Pb continues to affect onsite biota even if mining activities ceased >100 years ago, thus reflecting the long-lasting impact of human-environment interaction, suggesting that ecosystem conditions may remain impaired centuries after activities have ceased.

AB - Historical mining has a millennial scale history on the globe often leaving a long-lasting imprint on the environment. Previous results on trace metal concentrations in the Pyrenees, where extensive mining (Ag, Fe) occurred from the Antiquity to the 19th century, suggest that ≥600 tons of anthropogenic lead (Pb) is stored in soils in the Haut-Vicdessos area (France). Yet the potential bioavailability of this legacy contamination to contemporary biota remains unclear. We therefore asked if previously reported high-levels of legacy Pb can be seen in other environmental compartments including aquatic biota, and how these are distributed within the biota. Based on Pb-isotopic data, we also assessed if any Pb contamination found in contemporary biota can be linked to local/regional mining. Samples of sphagnum, soil, sediment, biofilm, and fish (Salmo trutta and Phoxinus phoxinus) were collected from three adjacent valleys in the Haut-Vicdessos area. Pb concentrations varied both between sites (i.e. decreasing concentrations with increasing distance from the former mine) and between within-site environmental compartments (i.e. soil > biofilm ≥ sediment > sphagnum > fish) as well as within organisms (i.e. entire organism > liver > muscle). Further, Pb-isotopic ratios ( 206 Pb/ 207 Pb, 208 Pb/ 207 Pb and 208 Pb/ 206 Pb) measured in soil, biofilm, and fish indicated both natural (weathering bedrock) and anthropogenic (industrial, transportation and/or former mining activities) sources of Pb-deposition to the area. Generally, body Pb-concentrations were within regulatory guidelines, yet contemporary biota in the upper Haut-Vicdessos area, and their prey, still showed a large range of Pb isotopic signatures, of which former mining activities appeared to have a strong influence. Our study showed that mining derived legacy Pb continues to affect onsite biota even if mining activities ceased >100 years ago, thus reflecting the long-lasting impact of human-environment interaction, suggesting that ecosystem conditions may remain impaired centuries after activities have ceased.

KW - Biofilm

KW - Fish

KW - Mining

KW - Pb

KW - Pb-isotopes

KW - Soil

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063910621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.403

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.403

M3 - Journal article

VL - 671

SP - 1227

EP - 1236

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -