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Larmor frequency shift from magnetized cylinders with arbitrary orientation distribution

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The magnetic susceptibility of tissue can provide valuable information about its chemical composition and microstructural organization. However, the relation between the magnetic microstructure and the measurable Larmor frequency shift is understood only for a few idealized cases. Here we analyze the microstructure formed by magnetized, NMR-invisible infinite cylinders suspended in an NMR-reporting fluid. Through simulations, we scrutinize various geometries of mesoscopic Lorentz cavities and inclusions, and show that the cavity size should be approximately one order of magnitude larger than the width of the inclusions. We also analytically derive the Larmor frequency shift for a population of cylinders with arbitrary orientation dispersion and show that it is determined by the (Formula presented.) Laplace expansion coefficients (Formula presented.) of the cylinders' orientation distribution function. Our work underscores the need to account for microstructural organization when estimating magnetic tissue properties.

TidsskriftNMR in Biomedicine
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2023

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© 2022 The Authors. NMR in Biomedicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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