Large fibre, small fibre and autonomic neuropathy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes: A systematic review

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of neuropathy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

METHODS: Systematic collection of published studies exploring the prevalence of large fibre neuropathy (LFN), small fibre neuropathy (SFN), and autonomic neuropathy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Following prospective registration (Prospero CRD42020206093), PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched for studies from 2000 to 2020. PICO framework was used in the selection process (Population: adolescents aged 10-19 years with type 1 diabetes; Intervention: diagnostic methods for neuropathy; Comparison: reference data; Outcome: data on prevalence or comparison). Data were extracted concerning study quality based on available data and established methods for determining and diagnosing various neuropathy types.

RESULTS: From 2,017 initial citations, 27 studies (7589 participants) fulfilled eligibility criteria. The study population (47% males) had a diabetes duration between 4.0 and 10.6 years, and HbA1c level between 7.3 and 10.8%, 56-95 mmol/mol. The prevalence of LFN, based on nerve conduction studies, was 10-57%. Based on other tests for neuropathy, the prevalence of LFN and SFN was 12-62%, and that of cardiac autonomic neuropathy was 12-75%.

CONCLUSION: The described prevalence of neuropathy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes varied, which can be methodological due to different screening methods and classifications of neuropathy.

TidsskriftJournal of Diabetes and its Complications
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2021

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Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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