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Kuhn, Thomas and Scientific Paradigms

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This article describes Thomas Kuhn’s theory of science with special attention to the role played by paradigms and paradigm changes. After discussing the ambiguities in the concept “paradigm”, it distinguishes between three senses of paradigm: the paradigm as exemplar, the paradigm as theory; and the paradigm as disciplinary matrix. It then examines the impact that the concepts had in the social sciences, with special attention to sociology. Finally, it discusses Kuhn’s later views on science, where he conceptualizes what he called paradigm changes as lexical changes. It also discusses the fate of the paradigm concept.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelThe Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology
RedaktørerGeorge Ritzer, Chris Rojek
Antal sider3
ForlagWiley
Udgivelsesårjun. 2021
Udgave2
ISBN (trykt)9781405124331
ISBN (Elektronisk)9781405165518
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2021

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