Kognitive Aspekte juristischer Terminologie und ihre Auswirkungen auf die Konzeptualisierung des Übersetzens

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Abstract

In traditional terminology research, also in the field of law, the general starting point was that terms are linguistic pointing tools to elements of professional conceptual systems. This approach is suitable for the creation of knowledge-oriented reference works, but has limitations in descriptive terminology work, especially when actual dynamics of a synchronic nature (among lawyers at the same point in time) and diachronic nature (development of terms over time) are to be described. As a reaction to these limitations and in order to describe terms in a way that does justice to their actual linguistic nature, approaches have been developed that do not start theoretically and conceptually from the assumption that term systems exist autonomously. Instead the see terms as connected to communicated and communicable knowledge of actual professional communicants. Such approaches are also geared towards the creation of translation-relevant term databases etc., but are based on the fundamentals of cognitive linguistics, especially so-called frame semantics. It is essential to consider the particularities of structuring knowledge in a given subject (here: in law). In this paper, I present the consequences of adopting a frame approach for the conceptualisation of terminology in the field of law, for the practical recording of terms and their content and for the presentation of the knowledge activated by the terms. The considerations relate in particular to their relevance for interlingual legal translation.
OriginalsprogTysk
Artikelnummer2642
TidsskriftIntralinea
ISSN1827-000X
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Emneord

  • Legal translation
  • legal terminology
  • legal knowledge
  • Frame Semantics
  • knowledge communication

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