Is a malleable protein necessarily highly dynamic? The hydrophobic core of the nuclear coactivator binding domain is well ordered

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Is a malleable protein necessarily highly dynamic? The hydrophobic core of the nuclear coactivator binding domain is well ordered. / Kjærgaard, Magnus; Poulsen, Flemming Martin; Teilum, Kaare.

I: Biophysical Journal, Bind 102, Nr. 7, 04.04.2012, s. 1627-35.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Kjærgaard, Magnus ; Poulsen, Flemming Martin ; Teilum, Kaare. / Is a malleable protein necessarily highly dynamic? The hydrophobic core of the nuclear coactivator binding domain is well ordered. I: Biophysical Journal. 2012 ; Bind 102, Nr. 7. s. 1627-35.

Bibtex

@article{6df0caa22ae547059f7a901f8bbaf4d2,
title = "Is a malleable protein necessarily highly dynamic? The hydrophobic core of the nuclear coactivator binding domain is well ordered",
abstract = "The nuclear coactivator binding domain of CREB binding protein folds into remarkably different structures in complex with different ligands. To understand the mechanism of the structural adaptability in the nuclear coactivator binding domain (NCBD), we have compared the dynamics of the hydrophobic core of NCBD in the ligand-free state and in a well-folded complex with the ligand activator for thyroid hormone and retinoid receptors using multiple NMR methods including methyl chemical shifts, coupling constants, and methyl order parameters. From all NMR measures, the aliphatic side chains in the hydrophobic core are slightly more dynamic in the free protein than in the complex, but have mobility comparable to the hydrophobic cores of average folded proteins. Urea titration monitored by NMR reveals that all parts of the protein, including the side-chain packing in the hydrophobic core, denatures in a single cooperative process. The molten globule characteristics of NCBD are thus restricted to a slowly fluctuating tertiary structure. Consequently, the conformational plasticity of the protein is most likely related to its low overall stability rather than an intrinsically flexible protein structure. The well-defined structure supports a model of molecular recognition dominated by conformational selection, whereas only minor structural adjustments are necessary after the association.",
keywords = "Animals, CREB-Binding Protein, Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions, Ligands, Mice, Models, Molecular, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular, Protein Denaturation, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Thermodynamics, Urea",
author = "Magnus Kj{\ae}rgaard and Poulsen, {Flemming Martin} and Kaare Teilum",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2012 Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2012",
month = apr,
day = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.bpj.2012.02.014",
language = "English",
volume = "102",
pages = "1627--35",
journal = "Biophysical Journal",
issn = "0006-3495",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is a malleable protein necessarily highly dynamic? The hydrophobic core of the nuclear coactivator binding domain is well ordered

AU - Kjærgaard, Magnus

AU - Poulsen, Flemming Martin

AU - Teilum, Kaare

N1 - Copyright © 2012 Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2012/4/4

Y1 - 2012/4/4

N2 - The nuclear coactivator binding domain of CREB binding protein folds into remarkably different structures in complex with different ligands. To understand the mechanism of the structural adaptability in the nuclear coactivator binding domain (NCBD), we have compared the dynamics of the hydrophobic core of NCBD in the ligand-free state and in a well-folded complex with the ligand activator for thyroid hormone and retinoid receptors using multiple NMR methods including methyl chemical shifts, coupling constants, and methyl order parameters. From all NMR measures, the aliphatic side chains in the hydrophobic core are slightly more dynamic in the free protein than in the complex, but have mobility comparable to the hydrophobic cores of average folded proteins. Urea titration monitored by NMR reveals that all parts of the protein, including the side-chain packing in the hydrophobic core, denatures in a single cooperative process. The molten globule characteristics of NCBD are thus restricted to a slowly fluctuating tertiary structure. Consequently, the conformational plasticity of the protein is most likely related to its low overall stability rather than an intrinsically flexible protein structure. The well-defined structure supports a model of molecular recognition dominated by conformational selection, whereas only minor structural adjustments are necessary after the association.

AB - The nuclear coactivator binding domain of CREB binding protein folds into remarkably different structures in complex with different ligands. To understand the mechanism of the structural adaptability in the nuclear coactivator binding domain (NCBD), we have compared the dynamics of the hydrophobic core of NCBD in the ligand-free state and in a well-folded complex with the ligand activator for thyroid hormone and retinoid receptors using multiple NMR methods including methyl chemical shifts, coupling constants, and methyl order parameters. From all NMR measures, the aliphatic side chains in the hydrophobic core are slightly more dynamic in the free protein than in the complex, but have mobility comparable to the hydrophobic cores of average folded proteins. Urea titration monitored by NMR reveals that all parts of the protein, including the side-chain packing in the hydrophobic core, denatures in a single cooperative process. The molten globule characteristics of NCBD are thus restricted to a slowly fluctuating tertiary structure. Consequently, the conformational plasticity of the protein is most likely related to its low overall stability rather than an intrinsically flexible protein structure. The well-defined structure supports a model of molecular recognition dominated by conformational selection, whereas only minor structural adjustments are necessary after the association.

KW - Animals

KW - CREB-Binding Protein

KW - Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions

KW - Ligands

KW - Mice

KW - Models, Molecular

KW - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular

KW - Protein Denaturation

KW - Protein Structure, Tertiary

KW - Thermodynamics

KW - Urea

U2 - 10.1016/j.bpj.2012.02.014

DO - 10.1016/j.bpj.2012.02.014

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22500763

VL - 102

SP - 1627

EP - 1635

JO - Biophysical Journal

JF - Biophysical Journal

SN - 0006-3495

IS - 7

ER -