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Invited review: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

Standard

Invited review: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows. / Tucker, Cassandra; Jensen, Margit Bak; de Passilé, Anne Marie; Hänninen, Laura ; Rushen, Jeffrey.

I: Journal of Dairy Science, Bind 104, Nr. 1, 01.2021, s. 20-46.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

Harvard

Tucker, C, Jensen, MB, de Passilé, AM, Hänninen, L & Rushen, J 2021, 'Invited review: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows', Journal of Dairy Science, bind 104, nr. 1, s. 20-46. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-18074

APA

Tucker, C., Jensen, M. B., de Passilé, A. M., Hänninen, L., & Rushen, J. (2021). Invited review: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 104(1), 20-46. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-18074

CBE

Tucker C, Jensen MB, de Passilé AM, Hänninen L, Rushen J. 2021. Invited review: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 104(1):20-46. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-18074

MLA

Tucker, Cassandra o.a.. "Invited review: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows". Journal of Dairy Science. 2021, 104(1). 20-46. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-18074

Vancouver

Tucker C, Jensen MB, de Passilé AM, Hänninen L, Rushen J. Invited review: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 2021 jan;104(1):20-46. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-18074

Author

Tucker, Cassandra ; Jensen, Margit Bak ; de Passilé, Anne Marie ; Hänninen, Laura ; Rushen, Jeffrey. / Invited review: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows. I: Journal of Dairy Science. 2021 ; Bind 104, Nr. 1. s. 20-46.

Bibtex

@article{738ada363f3b4630930e1a0786fce561,
title = "Invited review:: Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows",
abstract = "Adequate time lying down is often considered an important aspect of dairy cow welfare. We examine what is known about cows' motivation to lie down and the consequences for health and other indicators of biological function when this behavior is thwarted. We review the environmental and animal-based factors that affect lying time in the context of animal welfare. Our objective is to review the research into the time that dairy cows spend lying down and to critically examine the evidence for the link with animal welfare. Cows can be highly motivated to lie down. They show rebound lying behavior after periods of forced standing and will sacrifice other activities, such as feeding, to lie down for an adequate amount of time. They will work, by pushing levers or weighted gates, to lie down and show possible indicators of frustration when lying behavior is thwarted. Some evidence suggests that risk of lameness is increased in environments that provide unfavorable conditions for cows to lie down and where cows are forced to stand. Lameness itself can result in longer lying times, whereas mastitis reduces it. Cow-based factors such as reproductive status, age, and milk production influence lying time, but the welfare implications of these differences are unknown. Lower lying times are reported in pasture-based systems, dry lots, and bedded packs (9 h/d) compared with tiestalls and freestalls (10 to 12 h/d) in cross-farm research. Unfavorable conditions, including too few lying stalls for the number of cows, hard or wet lying surfaces, inadequate bedding, stalls that are too small or poorly designed, heat, and rain all reduce lying time. Time constraints, such as feeding or milking, can influence lying time. However, more information is needed about the implications of mediating factors such as the effect of the standing surface (concrete, pasture, or other surfaces) and cow behavior while standing (e.g., being restrained, walking, grazing) to understand the effect of low lying times on animal welfare. Many factors contribute to the difficulty of finding a valid threshold for daily lying time to use in the assessment of animal welfare. Although higher lying times often correspond with cow comfort, and lower lying times are seen in unfavorable conditions, exceptions occur, namely when cows lie down for longer because of disease or when they spend more time standing because of estrus or parturition, or to engage in other behaviors. In conclusion, lying behavior is important to dairy cattle, but caution and a full understanding of the context and the character of the animals in question is needed before drawing firm conclusions about animal welfare from measures of lying time.",
keywords = "dairy cow, animal welfare, lying behavior, standing, motivation, BODY CONDITION, FEED-INTAKE, SHORT-COMMUNICATION, TIE STALL ENVIRONMENTS, SPACE ALLOWANCE, SOCIAL-BEHAVIOR, MILKING FREQUENCY, STOCKING DENSITY, ADRENAL-AXIS RESPONSES, LOOSE HOUSING PASTURE",
author = "Cassandra Tucker and Jensen, {Margit Bak} and {de Passil{\'e}}, {Anne Marie} and Laura H{\"a}nninen and Jeffrey Rushen",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
doi = "10.3168/jds.2019-18074",
language = "English",
volume = "104",
pages = "20--46",
journal = "Journal of Dairy Science",
issn = "0022-0302",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Invited review:

T2 - Lying time and the welfare of dairy cows

AU - Tucker, Cassandra

AU - Jensen, Margit Bak

AU - de Passilé, Anne Marie

AU - Hänninen, Laura

AU - Rushen, Jeffrey

PY - 2021/1

Y1 - 2021/1

N2 - Adequate time lying down is often considered an important aspect of dairy cow welfare. We examine what is known about cows' motivation to lie down and the consequences for health and other indicators of biological function when this behavior is thwarted. We review the environmental and animal-based factors that affect lying time in the context of animal welfare. Our objective is to review the research into the time that dairy cows spend lying down and to critically examine the evidence for the link with animal welfare. Cows can be highly motivated to lie down. They show rebound lying behavior after periods of forced standing and will sacrifice other activities, such as feeding, to lie down for an adequate amount of time. They will work, by pushing levers or weighted gates, to lie down and show possible indicators of frustration when lying behavior is thwarted. Some evidence suggests that risk of lameness is increased in environments that provide unfavorable conditions for cows to lie down and where cows are forced to stand. Lameness itself can result in longer lying times, whereas mastitis reduces it. Cow-based factors such as reproductive status, age, and milk production influence lying time, but the welfare implications of these differences are unknown. Lower lying times are reported in pasture-based systems, dry lots, and bedded packs (9 h/d) compared with tiestalls and freestalls (10 to 12 h/d) in cross-farm research. Unfavorable conditions, including too few lying stalls for the number of cows, hard or wet lying surfaces, inadequate bedding, stalls that are too small or poorly designed, heat, and rain all reduce lying time. Time constraints, such as feeding or milking, can influence lying time. However, more information is needed about the implications of mediating factors such as the effect of the standing surface (concrete, pasture, or other surfaces) and cow behavior while standing (e.g., being restrained, walking, grazing) to understand the effect of low lying times on animal welfare. Many factors contribute to the difficulty of finding a valid threshold for daily lying time to use in the assessment of animal welfare. Although higher lying times often correspond with cow comfort, and lower lying times are seen in unfavorable conditions, exceptions occur, namely when cows lie down for longer because of disease or when they spend more time standing because of estrus or parturition, or to engage in other behaviors. In conclusion, lying behavior is important to dairy cattle, but caution and a full understanding of the context and the character of the animals in question is needed before drawing firm conclusions about animal welfare from measures of lying time.

AB - Adequate time lying down is often considered an important aspect of dairy cow welfare. We examine what is known about cows' motivation to lie down and the consequences for health and other indicators of biological function when this behavior is thwarted. We review the environmental and animal-based factors that affect lying time in the context of animal welfare. Our objective is to review the research into the time that dairy cows spend lying down and to critically examine the evidence for the link with animal welfare. Cows can be highly motivated to lie down. They show rebound lying behavior after periods of forced standing and will sacrifice other activities, such as feeding, to lie down for an adequate amount of time. They will work, by pushing levers or weighted gates, to lie down and show possible indicators of frustration when lying behavior is thwarted. Some evidence suggests that risk of lameness is increased in environments that provide unfavorable conditions for cows to lie down and where cows are forced to stand. Lameness itself can result in longer lying times, whereas mastitis reduces it. Cow-based factors such as reproductive status, age, and milk production influence lying time, but the welfare implications of these differences are unknown. Lower lying times are reported in pasture-based systems, dry lots, and bedded packs (9 h/d) compared with tiestalls and freestalls (10 to 12 h/d) in cross-farm research. Unfavorable conditions, including too few lying stalls for the number of cows, hard or wet lying surfaces, inadequate bedding, stalls that are too small or poorly designed, heat, and rain all reduce lying time. Time constraints, such as feeding or milking, can influence lying time. However, more information is needed about the implications of mediating factors such as the effect of the standing surface (concrete, pasture, or other surfaces) and cow behavior while standing (e.g., being restrained, walking, grazing) to understand the effect of low lying times on animal welfare. Many factors contribute to the difficulty of finding a valid threshold for daily lying time to use in the assessment of animal welfare. Although higher lying times often correspond with cow comfort, and lower lying times are seen in unfavorable conditions, exceptions occur, namely when cows lie down for longer because of disease or when they spend more time standing because of estrus or parturition, or to engage in other behaviors. In conclusion, lying behavior is important to dairy cattle, but caution and a full understanding of the context and the character of the animals in question is needed before drawing firm conclusions about animal welfare from measures of lying time.

KW - dairy cow

KW - animal welfare

KW - lying behavior

KW - standing

KW - motivation

KW - BODY CONDITION

KW - FEED-INTAKE

KW - SHORT-COMMUNICATION

KW - TIE STALL ENVIRONMENTS

KW - SPACE ALLOWANCE

KW - SOCIAL-BEHAVIOR

KW - MILKING FREQUENCY

KW - STOCKING DENSITY

KW - ADRENAL-AXIS RESPONSES

KW - LOOSE HOUSING PASTURE

U2 - 10.3168/jds.2019-18074

DO - 10.3168/jds.2019-18074

M3 - Review

C2 - 33162094

VL - 104

SP - 20

EP - 46

JO - Journal of Dairy Science

JF - Journal of Dairy Science

SN - 0022-0302

IS - 1

ER -