Intratympanic corticosteroid as salvage therapy in treatment of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Louise Devantier
  • Henriette Edemann Callesen, Freelance Methodologist at Metodekonsulent Callesen
  • ,
  • Lasse Rehné Jensen
  • ,
  • Christian Mirian
  • ,
  • Therese Ovesen

Background: The standard treatment of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) constitutes of systemic oral corticosteroid. Although oral corticosteroid might revert the acute deafness, some patients with ISSNHL display a more treatment refractory course. For these patients, corticosteroid installed directly into the middle ear has become a more frequent treatment, due to the potential benefits of a high, local concentration compared to a systemic administration. As such, for patients being refractory to standard treatment, intratympanic injection of a high dosage of corticosteroid as salvage therapy may be beneficial.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of intratympanic corticosteroid (ITC) as a salvage treatment of ISSNHL.

Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in relevant databases. Both randomized trials and observational studies were considered for inclusion. The risk of bias was evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool (randomized trials) or ROBINS-I tool (observational studies). Meta-analysis was performed to investigate the improvement of PTA (dB) and number of patients displaying recovery following salvage ITC injections. Occurrence of serious side effects was investigated. Finally, the certainty of the evidence was evaluated using the GRADE approach.

Results: Eleven relevant studies were identified (4 randomized trials and 7 observational studies). Both observational and randomized trials showed that salvage ITC significantly increased the number of patients displaying recovery. No serious adverse events were identified in any of the included studies. The certainty of evidence ranged from moderate to very low, due to risk of bias, imprecision, and heterogeneity.

Conclusion: Collectively, our findings indicate that salvage ITC treatment may be a beneficial and safe treatment for patients with sudden hearing loss, who otherwise are refractory to standard treatment approaches. However, the evidence level indicates need for a cautious interpretation of especially the magnitude of effect and thus the extrapolation on how much the individual may improve from this treatment. Furthermore, it remains to be investigated whether treatment outcomes may vary across different patient groups presenting with ISSNHL. This potential variation in treatment response should be kept in mind, when counselling the patient.

Trial registration number: The protocol is registered in PROSPERO. Registration number: CRD42019130586.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHeliyon
Vol/bind8
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)e08955
ISSN2405-8440
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2022

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© 2022 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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