Intraabdominal and retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcomas – Surgical treatment and outcomes

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Background: Intraabdominal and retroperitoneal sarcomas (IaRS) are malignant connective tissue tumors. Surgical resection is often the only curative treatment. The primary objective was to report the mid-term outcomes following contemporary treatment protocols and identify prognostic factors. Methods: A retrospective review of consecutive patients (n = 107) with IaRS treated at single center from 2013 until 2018 was conducted. Histological diagnosis, tumor grade, perioperative complications, mortality, and long-time survival were registered and retrieved from patient records. Primary and recurrent tumors were analyzed separately. Results: A total of 107 patients were identified. Median follow-up time was 3.5 years. Thirty-day mortality was 3.4% and 90-day mortality was 5.6% for all tumors. The major complication rate was 18%. The 5-year estimated survival for primary and recurrent tumors was 55.4% and 48.4%, respectively. Multifocal disease was evident in 32% of the patient cohort, and 58% of patients in the recurrent group. Multivariate analysis for survival revealed a hazard ratio (HR) of 3.1 (95% CI 1.68–8.41) for multifocality, HR 2.9 (95% CI 1.28–6.98) for Clavien-Dindo grade, HR 2.3 (95% CI 1.21–4.31) for tumor grades 2 or 3, and HR 1.002 (95% CI 1.001–1.004) for surgical margins. Conclusions: Our study found overall acceptable morbidity and mortality, and identified prognostic markers for overall survival. Recurrent tumors were not associated with worse survival. Multifocality is associated with a worse overall survival. The prognostic factors identified were; tumor grade, multifocality, intralesional margins and postoperative complications.

TidsskriftSurgical Oncology
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2022

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