Inhibiting phosphatase SHIP-1 enhances suboptimal IgE-mediated activation of human blood basophils but inhibits IgE-mediated activation of cultured human mast cells

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IgE-mediated activation of basophil granulocytes and mast cells follows a bell-shaped dose-response curve. The decreased activation at supraoptimal allergen stimulation is thought to be associated with SH2-containing inositol-5′-phosphatase 1 (SHIP-1). SHIP-1 phosphorylation is inversely related to IgE-mediated releasability of basophils. This study sought to clarify the regulatory role of SHIP-1 in degranulation of basophil granulocytes and mast cells by selective inhibition of the phosphatase function of SHIP-1with 3-α-aminocholestane (3-α-AC). Six grass pollen allergic patients, six non-responder patients and six cultured human primary mast cell lines were included. The effect of 3-α-AC (1–60 μM, 30 min, 37 °C) was analyzed at individual suboptimal, optimal and supra-optimal allergen concentrations. The activity, upregulation of CD63, measured at different conditions was compared to evaluate the maximal effect of selective SHIP-1 inhibition. Basophils of five non-responder patients were treated with 3-α-AC (10 μM, 30 min, 37 °C). At high concentrations (>60 μM) of 3-α-AC, cells appeared to enter apoptosis. The median reactivity increased from 27.1% to 44.9% CD63 + basophils at 10 μM of 3-α-AC and suboptimal allergen stimulation (p = 0.0153). There was no effect on blood basophils of 3-α-AC at optimal or supra-optimal allergen concentrations. In contrast, treatment with more than 6 μM 3-α-AC significantly inhibited mast cell reactivity. 10 μM 3-α-AC reduced median reactivity from 32.85% to 16.5% CD63+ mast cells (p = 0.0465). Treatment with 3-α-AC did not increase response of basophils of non-responder patients. Modulating blood basophils with 3-α-AC enhanced reactivity only at suboptimal allergen concentration, and basophils from non-responders did not regain responsiveness to IgE stimulation. 3-α-AC inhibited the IgE response of mast cells in a dose dependent manner.

TidsskriftImmunology Letters
Sider (fra-til)40-46
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2019

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