Infrared Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Effects on Orthodontic Tooth Movement

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  • Simone Peixe Friedrichsdorf, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, USP - Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • ,
  • Victor Elias Arana Chavez, Department of Biomaterials and Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, USP - Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Vivian Bradaschia-Correa, Department of Biomaterials and Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, USP - Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • ,
  • Paolo Maria Cattaneo
  • Gladys Cristina Dominguez, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, USP - Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The present study aimed to analyze the effect of LED phototherapy on the presence of hyalinization and root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in rats and to measure the amount of tooth movement. Eighty rats were allocated into two groups: LED and control (CON), where the LED rats were irradiated with infrared LED (850 nm, 30 mW) for 5 min during the first five days of OTM and where controls were not irradiated. Both groups were subdivided into four subgroups (n=10) according to the date of euthanasia (4, 7, 14 and 21 days). Five out of ten LED21 and five of ten CON21 rats were submitted to micro-computed tomography (μCT); μCT scans were taken on days 0, 7, 14 and 21. For histological study, maxillae were processed to light microscopy using Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) and Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase (TRAP) histochemistry. The amount of tooth movement did not differ between LED and CON. Hyalinization was observed at the pressure areas in both groups, and it did not show a statistically significant difference between the groups. Root resorption was also observed in both groups after 7 days and it did not represent any differences between the two groups. LED phototherapy was not able to increase the amount of OTM. Similar characteristics of hyalinization and root resorption were observed in both groups.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBrazilian Dental Journal
Vol/bind30
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)410-416
Antal sider7
ISSN0103-6440
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2019

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