Influence of model specifications on the reliabilities of genomic prediction in a Swedish-Finnish red breed cattle population

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • E Rius-Vilarrasa, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sverige
  • E Strandberg, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sverige
  • W F Fikse, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sverige
  • Rasmus Froberg Brøndum, Danmark
  • Bernt Guldbrandtsen
  • Mogens Sandø Lund
  • I Strandén, MTT Agrifood Research Finland Biotechnology and Food Research Biometrical Genetics, Finland
Using a combined multi-breed reference population, this study explored the influence of model specification and the effect of including a polygenic effect on the reliability of genomic breeding values (DGV and GEBV). The combined reference population consisted of 2986 Swedish Red Breed (SRB) and Finnish Ayrshire (FAY) dairy cattle. Bayesian methodology (common prior and mixture models with different prior distribution settings for the marker effects) as well as a best linear unbiased prediction with a genomic relationship matrix [genomic best linear unbiased predictor (GBLUP)] was used in the prediction of DGV. Mixture models including a polygenic effect were used to predict GEBV. In total, five traits with low, high and medium heritability were analysed. For the models using a mixture prior distribution, reliabilities of DGV tended to decrease with an increasing proportion of markers with small effects. The influence of the inclusion of a polygenic effect on the reliability of DGV varied across traits and model specifications. Average correlation between DGV with the Mendelian sampling term, across traits, was highest (R =0.25) for the GBLUP model and decreased with increasing proportion of markers with large effects. Reliabilities increased when DGV and parent average information were combined in an index. The GBLUP model with the largest gain across traits in the reliability of the index achieved the highest DGV mean reliability. However, the polygenic models showed to be less biased and more consistent in the estimation of DGV regardless of the model specifications compared with the mixture models without the polygenic effect.
TidsskriftJournal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Sider (fra-til)369-379
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 2012

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