Influence of Insertion Torque on Clinical and Biological Outcomes before and after Loading of Mandibular Implant-Retained Overdentures in Atrophic Edentulous Mandibles

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  • Fernanda Faot, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
  • ,
  • Amália Machado Bielemann, Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
  • ,
  • Alessandra Julie Schuster, Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
  • ,
  • Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Department of Prosthodontics and Periodontology, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Brazil
  • ,
  • Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury, Department of Prosthodontics and Periodontology, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Brazil
  • ,
  • Gustavo G Nascimento
  • Otacílio Luiz Chagas-Junior, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Maxillofacial Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil

Aim: To evaluate the influence of primary insertion torque (IT) values of narrow dental implants on the peri-implant health, implant stability, immunoinflammatory responses, bone loss, and success and survival rates.

Methods: Thirty-one edentulous patients received two narrow implants (2.9x10mm, Facility NeoPoros) to retain mandibular overdentures. The implants were categorized in four groups according to their IT: (G1) IT > 10 Ncm; (G2) IT ≥ 10Ncm and ≤ 30 Ncm; (G3) IT >30Ncm and < 45Ncm; (G4) IT ≥ 45Ncm, and all implants were loaded after 3 months of healing. The following clinical outcomes were evaluated 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after implant insertion: (i) peri-implant tissue health (PH), gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), calculus presence (CP), probing depth (PD), and bleeding on probing (BOP); (ii) implant stability quotient (ISQ) by resonance frequency analysis; and (iii) IL-1β and TNF-α concentration in the peri-implant crevicular fluid. The marginal bone level (MBL) and changes (MBC) were evaluated. The Chi2 test, Kruskal-Wallis test, mixed-effects regression analysis, and the Kendall rank correlation coefficient were used for statistical analysis (α = 5%).

Results: G1 presented the highest PD at all evaluated periods. G2 presented higher PI at month 6 and 12. G4 showed increased GI at month 3 and 12 and more CP at month 1 (p=.003). G2 and G4 had higher ISQ values over the study period, while those from G1 and G3 presented lower ISQ values. The IL-1β concentration increased until month 12 and was independent of IT and bone type; G4 had a higher IL-1β concentration in month 3 than the other groups (p=.015). The TNF-α release was negatively correlated with IT, and TNF-α release was highest in G1 at month 12. The MBL immediately after surgery and the MBC at month 12 were similar between the groups, and G4 presented a positive MBC at month 12. The survival and success rates were 75% for G1, 81.3% for G2, 64.3% for G3, and 95% for G4.

Conclusion: The IT did not influence the clinical outcomes and the peri-implant immunoinflammatory responses and was weakly correlated with the narrow dental implants primary stability. The observed success rates suggest that the ideal IT for atrophic fully edentulous patients may deviate from the standardized IT of 32 Ncm.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer8132520
TidsskriftBioMed Research International
Vol/bind2019
Sider (fra-til)8132520
Antal sider14
ISSN2314-6133
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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